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What Is Os Trigonum Syndrome?

Os Trigonum

The os trigonum is a bony ossicle, or a small bone, developed at the back of the ankle talus bone. Formed during the ages 7 to 13 years old, this happens when a part of the bone is not fully fused with the talus, causing an extra bone to jut out from behind.

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Knee Cartilage Injuries: Cause & Symptoms

Located in our knee are cartilage tissues that act as shock absorbers. These shock absorbers are tough but yet flexible tissues that are located throughout our body, covering all the surfaces of our joint in order to facilitate the smooth gliding motion of our bones. It is because of these cartilage tissues that we are able to jump and run without experiencing pain. One downside of it is that the tissues do not have their own blood supply. This means that once they are injured or damaged, the healing process is extremely slow. Someone who has a damaged cartilage tissue will then experience pain during periods of motion. One of the most common places of injury is the knee and we will look into the causes and symptoms in this article.

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Chronic Ankle Instability: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

Chronic ankle instability is developed after multiple sprains or a single severe sprain that was not properly healed. The ankle easily gives way to the lateral side, especially during sports activities or walking on uneven surfaces. This condition is common among athletes and people with high physical demands as they may have resumed their activities before the previous injury is fully recovered. Because of the ankle instability, people who are affected may find themselves incurring more sprains and developing other conditions such as arthritis and tendon tear over time.

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Fractures Of The Fifth Metatarsal

The fifth metatarsal is the long bone in the middle of the foot that connects to the little toe joint. Fractures in the fifth metatarsal are common and often occur at the base of the bone.

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What Is Hallux Rigidus: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

Hallux rigidus is a stiff big toe that occurs when there is an overgrowth at the base of the big toe. It prevents the toe from bending, causing pain and difficulty in walking and standing. This is a disorder of the joint and a form of degenerative arthritis that usually develops between the ages of 30 and 60.

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Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever’s Disease): Cause, Symptom & Treatment

Calcaneal apophysities is a bone disorder that causes inflammation of the growth plate in the heel. Although not a disease, it is also called Sever’s disease. During the development of the bone, cartilage cells change into bone cells, forming new bone at the growth plate. During the process, inflammation occurs in the growth plate, causing pain and swelling.

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What Is Equinus? Diagnosis & Treatment

Equinus occurs when the Archilles tendon or calf muscles are too tight to allow upward bending motion of the ankle. The person would find it very difficult or impossible to bring the foot toward the shin.

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Tarsal Coalition: Diagnosis & Treatment

Tarsal coalition is a congenital condition that occurs when the tarsal bones at the back of the foot are abnormally connected, causing pain and limitations in walking. Because of the joint bones, the foot may appear to be made up of a “bar of bones”, looking flatter and stiffer than a normal foot. Depending on the degree of attachment, if the bones are connected by fibrous tissue, the foot would be more flexible compared to a bony connection. About 1% of the population is affected by tarsal coalition.

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What Is Haglund’s Deformity?: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

If you notice that the boney section of your heel near the Achilles tendon is prominently enlarged, you probably have Haglund’s deformity. Because of the frequent pressure on the back of the heels due to inappropriate footwear or because of the natural shape of the foot, bursitis – an inflammation of the fluid-filled sac between the tendon and the bone – progressively develops.

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Cavus Foot (High-Arched Foot): Cause, Symptom & Treatment

When the foot has an abnormally high arch that affects walking and standing, the condition is called Cavus foot. Excessive weight is placed on the heel and ball of the foot which might cause pain and instability. This condition may occur at any age, with one or both feet affected.

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Types of Sesamoid Injuries In The Foot

Sesamoids in the foot are two pea-shaped bones beneath the big toe joint found in the ball of the foot. Joint with tendons, the sesamoids act as pulleys to facilitate movement of the big toe. When walking, running and jumping, sesamoids help the big toe push off and bear weight for the big toe bone when the foot hits the ground.

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Types Of Intoeing

Intoeing typically occurs in infants and children under the age of 10. The appearance of the condition is apparent with the toes pointing inwards instead of straight ahead, thus commonly referred as “pigeon-toed”. Some infants are born with it, caused by the position in the womb. Others gradually develop it or the intoeing becomes noticeable after they started walking.

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Causes & Treatments For Metatarsalgia (Forefoot Pain)

Patients with metatarsalgia experience pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. It is an overuse injury usually occurring in athletes that do high-impact sports like track and field, tennis and soccer. These activities require heavy uses of the forefoot, thus subjecting to a high risk of the injury.

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Clubfoot: Treatment & Surgery

Clubfoot, also called Congenital Talipes Equinovarus (CTEV) is one of the most common non-major birth defects that infants are born with. The appearance of clubfoot is obvious – the foot is twisted inwards and sometimes in severe case, the toes are pointed upwards. It looks that way because the tendons are short and tight, pulling the foot towards the heel. Usually, because the muscles are not fully developed, the calf and foot look smaller than normal legs.

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What Is Progressive Flatfoot? Signs, Causes & Treatment

Another name for progressive flatfoot is Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction. The posterior tibial tendon is found in the calf down to the inside of the ankle to the middle section of the foot. It is responsible for holding up the arch of the foot and gives us support when walking. Progressive flatfoot happens when the tendon becomes inflamed, stretched or torn, causing the arch to collapse.

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Osteochondral Lesion: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

Osteochondral lesions are injuries to the end of the talus – the bone that connects with the tibia and fibula bones to form the ankle joint – and the layers of cartilage that covers it. Some of the injuries include fracture of the talus, tearing of cartilage, blisters on the cartilage and formation of lesions on the underlying bone which affect the cartilage as well.

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What Is Swimmer’s Shoulder? Prevention & Treatment

Swimmer’s shoulder is an inflammatory condition that got its name from the common occurrence of shoulder pain that swimmers get from overuse during training. Patients experience a musculoskeletal pain that can extend from the shoulder joint to the neck and arms.

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Talus Fracture: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

The talus is the anklebone that connects the lower leg bones, the tibia and fibula, to form the ankle joint. A talus fracture happens when the anklebone is chipped, broken or fragmented.

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What Is High Ankle Sprain? Symptoms & Treatments

Less common than regular low ankle sprains, a high ankle sprain bears damage on the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula just above the ankle. Injury to the ligaments at this level causes walking to be extremely difficult as a lot of force is placed on this area to make the movements possible.

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Peroneal Tendinosis: Symptoms & Treatment

The peroneal tendons are located just behind the fibula, the calf bone. Peroneal tendinosis is the swelling of the tendon usually caused by prolonged strain from a repetitive physical activity over a period of time.

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Pilon Fracture: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Pilon fractures occur at the lower end of the tibia, or the shinbone, where the part of the bone near the ankle bears the most weight. The smaller calf bone on the lateral side of the tibia, the fibula, most often is broken as well following the fracture.

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All About Charcot Arthropathy

Charcot arthropathy, also known as Charcot foot and ankle, is a condition that weakens the bones of the foot, causing an eventual fracture or dislocation and collapse of the mid-foot arch.

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Lateral Humeral Condyle Fracture: Causes & Treatments

Lateral humeral condyle fracture most commonly occurs for ages 5-10. It takes up to 20% of paediatric elbow fracturesand is the second most common fracture of the lateral humeral condyle among children after supracondylar fracture.

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Adult Acquired Flatfoot: Cause, Symptoms and Treatment

Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is not present at birth and only acquired during adulthood between 40-60 years of age. Usually caused by damage to the posterior tibial tendon, the arch of the foot gradually collapses as the tendon gets inflamed or torn.

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Calcaneus Fractures: Symptoms & Treatment

Calcaneus fractures, or heel bones fractures, is the most common of fractures of the tarsal bone. Tarsal bone fractures account for 2% of all adult fractures and of those, 60% are calcaneus fractures.

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Olecranon Bursa Aspiration: Technique & Complications

Olecranon Bursitis, or elbow bursitis, is the inflammation of small sacs of fluid at the back of the elbow (or bursa), causing a bump. The bursa is found around the joints to facilitate smooth movement between the bones. This condition is also known as Popeye elbow because of how the elbow bump juts out like the elbow of the cartoon character Popeye.

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Elbow Arthrocentesis: Technique & Complications

Elbow Arthrocentesis, also known as joint aspiration, is a procedure to drain synovial fluid from the joint. The synovial fluid is a non-Newtonian fluid found between the articular cartilages to reduce friction of the joints.

This procedure is done to reduce swelling and pain from the fluid collected around the elbow. It may also be done to examine the fluid to determine causes of swelling and arthritis. Some of these causes could be infection, gout or rheumatoid disease. It is important to remove the inflamed fluid and the enzymes in the white blood cells to stop further harm on the joint.

Before the surgery, make sure to let your doctor know of your full medical condition and known allergies to prevent complications. Firstly, the area to be aspirated would be cleaned and applied with local anesthetic. A sterile needle and syringe would then be inserted into the elbow where synovial fluid is extracted. Sometimes, medication is injected after the extraction. Dressing is then applied. The fluid would be sent to the lab for examination.

As with any wounds, the dressing has to be kept clean and dry. You might feel slightly sore for the next few days but some painkillers prescribed by the doctor should suffice. It is advised to avoid strenuous use of the arm for the next 5 days.

Even though this is a low-risk surgical procedure, there is still a possibility that complications may occur. These might include infection, swelling, bruising or discomfort at the aspiration site. If any of these symptoms are experienced, notify your doctor immediately:

  • Fever
  • Redness, swelling or bleeding at the aspiration site
  • Increased pain around the aspiration site

 

If cortisone-related medications are injected into the joint, complications are uncommon but may be serious if occur. Keep a close watch for these symptoms:

  • Inflammation
  • Increased blood sugar (Worsened condition of diabetes)
  • Aggravation of preexisting infection
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Easy bruising
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Pelvis Fractures: Cause & Treatments

The pelvis consists of a series of ring-like structure of bones located at the lower end of the trunk. There are three ones supporting the side of the pelvis namely the ilium, ischium and pubis. Ligaments and tendons join the pelvis to the sacrum located at the bottom of the spine, creating a bowl-like cavity just below the rib cage. On each side is the acetabulum, a hollow cup serving as the socket for the hip joint.

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Muscle Strains in the Thigh: Symptoms & Prevention

A muscle strain refers to a muscle pull or tear and it is an extremely common injury in people who are active in sports. There are three sets of strong muscles in the thigh: hamstring muscle located at the back of the thigh, quadriceps muscles located at the front and adductor muscles located on the inside. The hamstring muscle and quadriceps muscle works in tandem to allow extension and flexion of the leg while the adductor muscles help to pull the legs together. The hamstring and quadriceps muscle are at higher risk for muscle strains as they cross both of the hip and knee joint. Additionally, they are involved in high speed activities such as running and sprinting.

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Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI): Cause & Treatments

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a medical condition in which the bones of the hip are shaped abnormally. It usually occurs in the hip joint and since they do not fit perfectly, the hip bones tend to rub against each other, resulting in damage to the joint. Impingement refers to a certain portion of the soft tissues located in the hip joint getting pinched. Femoroacetabular refers to the impingement happening where the femur is in contact with the acetabulum or hip socket.

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Hip Strains: Symptoms & Treatment

Our hip joint is a heavily used joint and it is designed to withstand such repeated loads and wear and tear. The entire hip joint is a ball and socket joint that is meant for fluid movement. When the hip is in use, the cartilage acts as a lubricant to cushion and minimise friction. Despite all these, the hip can be damaged. As time passes, the cartilage will start to wear off and so will the supporting muscles and connective tissues. The hip bone itself can also be broken due to a fracture. All of these possible scenarios will eventually lead to hip pain. Hip strains on the other hand occurs when the muscles that are supporting the hip joint is stretched to a limit beyond it is designed to. Strains can be minor or severe depending on the extent of such injury.

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Monteggia Fracture: Symptoms & Treatment

The term Monteggia fracture is used to precisely refer to a dislocation of the forearm. This type of injury is extremely rare and accounts for less than 5% of all forearm fractures. The key to successfully diagnosing a Monteggia fracture is precise radiographs of the entire forearm and elbow to properly assess the nature of the injury in a timely manner. The most challenging part is to assess the extent and nature of this injury. The ulna fracture is usually in the proximal third of the ulna and may involve the olecranon, midshaft and distal shaft.

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All about Ankle Splinting

Ankle splints are used to stabilise injuries to the bones of the ankle until the patient can be professionally attended to by an orthopaedic surgeon. It is also used to immobilise the ankle joint following an injury before the surgery date in order to prevent further injuries. Patients who have splinted their ankles will often be referred to a specialist within 3 days.

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Floating Elbow: Symptoms & Treatment

Floating elbow is a medical term that was first introduced by Stanitski and Micheli to describe an injury in children that involves concomitant fractures of the forearm axis and supracondylar humerus in the same extremity. This medical term has also been extended to include adult patients who suffers from ipsilateral fractures of the humerus and forearm. Floating elbow is usually associated with an elbow dislocated in patients suffering from high impact injuries following a serious incident such as a car crash. The “floating” term is used when the elbow remains dislocated from the hand and shoulder.

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Coronoid Fracture: Cause & Symptoms

Coronoid fractures often happen in the ulna although they are relatively uncommon. However, coronoid fractures can be critical injuries. They usually occur in conjunction with elbow dislocations and will lead to elbow instability. The coronoid is designed to strengthen the elbow, increasing the stability. Therefore, a fracture will lead to unstable elbows and a possible loss of motion.

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Spinal Stenosis: Cause & Symptoms

Spinal stenosis is the result of the narrowing of free spaces in the spine. This will cause extra pressure to act onto the spinal cord and the nerves running through it. In majority of the cases, spinal stenosis affects the lumbar spine. This will eventually cause pain along the legs and make walking a difficult task to accomplish.

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Spinal Cord Injury: Diagnosis & Prevention

Our spinal cord is the nerve centre of our body. It contains a bundle of nerves that runs down the back, transmitting signals to and fro the body and the brain. When a patient suffers from a spinal cord injury, this nerve centre is damaged and the signals will be disrupted. This could potentially create serious consequences and simple actions such as walking could not be done. Spinal cord injuries are usually due to direct trauma causing the vertebrae to dislocate. Most injuries however do not cut through the spinal cord. Instead, the bone fragments will impinge onto the nerves and result in the loss of bodily functions.

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease: Symptoms & Treatment

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a medical condition resulting from the inflammation of bones, cartilage or tendons in the tibia. The result of this are growth spurts that specifically affects the knee. It is much more common in growing teenagers between the ages of 10 to 15. It also affects people who are more active in sports involving frequent jumping and running.

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Bunions: Cause & Treatments

Bunions are bony humps that form at the base of the big toe. When this happens, the big toe will curve towards the other toes and cause the base of the toe to push towards the first metatarsal bone. It usually occurs at a joint and the entire body weight will be acting on it. This will result in tremendous pain and discomfort.

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Femur Shaft Fractures (Broken Thighbone): Cause & Treaments

Our femur is the strongest and longest bone in our body. Due to the high strength, an extremely large force is necessary to cause any fracture. These situations can include a high speed car crash and this is the most common reason for such fracture. A force that is beyond the normal limits of the femur will result in a fracture. The long and straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft and when there is a break along the femoral shaft fracture, it is known as a femoral shaft fracture.

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All about Electrodiagnostic Testing

Our body possess a huge ability to generate electricity and it is through this ability that allows us to achieve good health. The electricity that is generated will send important signals from all parts of the body to the brain and provides a source of instantaneous communication. These electrical signals are created by the nerves and instructions are sent to the muscles to carry them out. However, signals can easily be affected due to diseases or injuries. The presence of pain and numbness in different parts of the body can help doctors to diagnose the exact cause of injury and this is what electrodiagnostic testing is all about.

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Arthritis of the Thumb: Symptoms & Treatment

Arthritis is a degenerative medical condition that affects and destroy a joint. There are different types of arthritis but the most common one is that affecting the basal joint and osteoarthritis. Thumb arthritis occurs when the cartilage is removed due to prolonged wear and tear from the thumb joint. It can result in severe pain in the hands, swelling and the inability to perform simple daily actions such as turning a doorknob.

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Causes and Symptoms of Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a serious medical condition that occurs when excessive pressure builds up from within the body. This is usually due to conditions such as bleeding or swelling following an injury, causing blood to gush to the injury site. This unusually large pressure will constrict blood vessels and decrease blood flow, depriving cells from getting adequate amounts of oxygen and nutrients. Compartment syndrome is classified into acute and chronic cases. In acute cases, it is an emergency and is often caused by injury requiring immediate medical treatment to prevent permanent damages. In chronic cases however, it is usually caused by repetitive motions and is not an emergency.

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Neck Sprain: Cause & Treatments

The cervical vertebrae of the spine consist of seven bones that are connected to each other by strong fibrous tissues such as the ligaments, tendons and muscles. A sprain occurs when one of these tissues are stretched beyond its limit. This can happen during a sudden movement such as a car accident, causing the neck to bend to the extreme.

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Morton’s Neuroma: Symptoms & Treatment

Morton’s neuroma is a medical condition affecting one of the many nerves running between the metatarsals in our foot. Metatarsals are one of the many bones found in the foot. The other bones are the tarsal bones and phalanges with metatarsals being the longest ones. There are a total of five metatarsal bones and the first is the largest and the smallest is the last.

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Lisfranc (Midfoot) Injury: Cause & Treatments

Lisfranc or midfoot injuries are often the results of broken bones in the midfoot or torn ligaments. Lisfranc injuries can vary from complex to simple depending on the number of joints and bones that are involved. Many patients often mistaken their midfoot injury to that of a simple sprain. As a result, many choose to self-medicate with pain relief cream. However, Lisfranc injury is not as simple as it seems and may even require surgery in some cases.

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Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome of the Wrist: Cause & Treatments

Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome of the Wrist happens when the ulnar nerve that is located in the wrist gets compressed. The main function of the ulnar nerve is to innervate in the forearm and the hand and it travels from our neck all the down to the forearm and finally the hands. As a result, it can be compressed in multiple places during. When pressure starts to build up, it can impinge onto the nerve and result in numbness.

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De Quervain’s Tendinosis: Symptoms & Treatment

De Quervain’s Tendinosis is a medical condition due to the irritation and inflammation of the tendons located at the base of the thumb. Tendinosis simply refers to swelling of the tendons and this will ultimately result in pain and discomfort for patients. This pain is further intensified when activities involving the thumb is initiated such as gripping a plastic bag or clenching a fist.

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Home Treatments – Wrist Sprains

A sprain is the result of a ligament injury. Ligaments are thick connective tissues that connects our bones to the joint. In our wrist alone, there are as many as 15 different bones. As a result, a simple twist to the wrist may result in a sprain when it is moved to beyond its usual range.

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Arthritis of the Hand: Symptoms & Treatment

Arthritis is the generic name for inflammation in the joints. It can take many different form and the most common one is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the medical condition when the protective cushioning known as the cartilage is worn out due to wear and tear. It usually happens in areas such as the hand. In this article, we will look at some of the symptoms and treatment for hand arthritis.

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Bennett Fracture: Cause & Treatments

A Bennett fracture happens when the bone located at the base of the thumb dislocates and breaks. It can be due to a sudden trauma during high impact sports or accidents. A Bennett fracture will result in swelling of the thumb, pain and the inability to use the thumb. In this article, we will look at the causes and treatments for Bennett fractures.

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Hamstring Muscle Injuries: Cause & Treatments

Hamstring injuries are a common occurrence in athletes. They are usually known as “pulled hamstring”. Sports requiring frequent sprinting such as soccer, rugby and basketball poses a higher risk of a hamstring injury. Hamstring injuries happen when the muscle location at the back of the thigh is injured in the form of a strain. Fortunately, this type of injury respond well to nonsurgical treatment. In this article, we will look at the causes and treatment methods for a pulled hamstring.

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Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear): Symptoms & Prevention

The shoulder joint is composed of three different types of bones: the shoulder blade, upper arm bone and collarbone. This type of joint is a ball and socket joint, allowing for extreme flexibility and wide range of motion. The upper arm bone acts like a ball and is securely inside the shoulder blade socket. For stabilization purposes, the upper arm bone is slightly larger than the socket, ensuring that the fit is tight. To further enhance the stability, there is a layer of soft tissue called the labrum. Injuries to the labrum is the cause of a shoulder joint tear. In this article, we will look at some of the symptoms and preventive measures.

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Knee or Back Pain? Learn More at Our Public Forum on 6 Nov 2014

Coming public forum this coming Thur 6 November 2014 at 6.30pm

At: Level 3 Gleneagles Hospital

No Charge for registration, refreshment, Orthopaedic and Oldest Singapore marathon runner’s book work S$20 each.

A chance to check BMD and also meet Singapore oldest Marathon Runner.

Learn more about knee injury treatment.

Photos of our forum on 31 Oct 2014 – Full house! 

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Adult Forearm Fractures: Cause & Treatments

Our forearm is connected by two bones, the radius and ulna. In an event of a forearm fracture, both of the bones are often broken. The location of the fracture can be in several areas. It can appear at the wrist area, middle of forearm or nearer to the elbow. The main function of the forearm is to facilitate rotation of the wrist. This rotation movement allows us to turn our palms upwards or downwards. A forearm fracture will severely limit the amount of work we can do.

Causes

Fractures are usually caused by a sudden stress acting on it that is beyond the usual limit. In the case of forearm fractures, there are 3 main situations that can cause such an injury – a sudden blow to the forearm, a sudden compression to the forearm or over rotation of the forearm. The ulna is the bone that is often broken by the above scenarios. Twisting fractures can also occur due to high impact sports or fall from heights landing on an outstretched arm. There will also be damages and injuries to the soft tissues such as the muscles and tendons.

Treatment

Non-surgical

The first step would be a first aid evaluation by a medical professional. The fractured arm will be immobilized using a splint or sling. An isolated fracture can be easily treated using this method and it will heal on its own. Realignment surgery is not necessary if there are no mis-aligned bones or protruding bones.

Surgical – Internal fixation

In serious cases, surgery will be required in order to promote healing and recovery. A fixation surgery will be carried out to realign and fix the fracture bones together. The bones will be connected using metal plates and screws and this will allow early recovery of movement, reducing the chances of bone resorption. A cast is required after surgery as well to add weight to the bone.

Surgical – External fixation

In cases where there is the presence of open wounds or damages to the skin, internal fixation is not recommended due to the chances of further injuries. Thus, external fixation is preferred. As the name suggests, external fixation involves fixing screws on the outside of the body. Screws will be attached around the fracture site using a metal bar. This metal bar acts as a stabilizing frame to hold the bone in proper position until it heals on its own.

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Olecranon Fractures: Treatment & Management

Our elbow is a complex hinge joint made up of three different bones. It can also perform various functions. The elbow is able to bend and straighten up, rotate and turning up and down. When you try to bend your elbow, the sharp tip protruding out is called the olecranon. Olecranon fractures are injuries that affect the particular bone.

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Frozen Shoulder: Cause & Symptoms

Frozen shoulder as its name suggests is a medical condition affecting the shoulder joint where it becomes swollen and stiff as though it is frozen. Our shoulder is a ball and socket joint designed for a wide range of motion and flexibility. Frozen shoulder is a condition that happens slowly over time and will also go away after a year. It may happen after injuries or diseases such as diabetes or stroke. Patients with frozen shoulder will have the formation of scar tissues in the shoulder capsule, causing it to thicken.

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Scoliosis: Symptoms & Treatments

Our spine is the structure that gives our body its shape and provide support to it. The entire spinal column consists of multiple small bones stacked together. The spine is designed to be curved naturally although it looks straight when it is viewed from the front. In fact, there are two S-curves at the spine. Scoliosis is a medical problem arising from the abnormal curvature of the spine. Patients who suffer from scoliosis have got spine that looks curved even when viewed from the front. Research has shown that scoliosis are more prevalent in females than males and affects 3 out of 1000 people.

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Common Childhood Foot Deformities

Childhood or pediatric foot deformity is a term widely used to describe a range of medical conditions affecting the tendons, muscles and bones of the foot. Unlike adults, treatment methods for foot deformities in children are very different and require the presence of specialists to bear a range of surgical and non-surgical techniques in order to preserve the integrity of the growth plate, allowing continuous unrestricted growth and development of the foot. In this article, we will look at some of the most common pediatric foot deformities.

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Hip Labral Tear: Symptoms & Treatments

Acetabular labrum tears involve the labrum which is essentially a ring of cartilage. The labrum acts as a rubber seal to securely hold the ball of the thighbone to the hip socket. A torn labrum will result in tremendous pain and stiffness as well as the loss of certain functions involving the hip. Active young adults are especially prone to this injury due to the nature of their activities. In order to continue an active lifestyle, surgery will be needed to repair the labrum. In this article, we will look at some of the symptoms and treatments for hip labral tears.

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Impingement Syndrome: Symptoms & Treatments

Impingement of the shoulder is an extremely common problem associated with shoulder pain. It occurs due to the impingement of tendons in the shoulder. Repeated usage of the shoulder joint will increase the chances of one suffering from shoulder impingement. This is especially so for athletes involved in sports such as tennis, swimming and badminton. Unlike other injuries, pain is extremely persistent in shoulder impingement and will affect all of the daily activities.

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Experienced Orthopaedic Specialists Onboard Our Clinic

We like to thank all our patients for the support so far and to better serve you, we now have 2 experienced orthopaedic specialists onboard.

Dr. Ambrose Yung who is a specialist orthopaedic consultant with experience in partial knee replacement, complex primary total knee replacement, revision knee replacement, minimal invasive knee and shoulder sports surgery.

Dr. Fong Shee Yan who is an experienced Spine-specialised Orthopaedic Consultant in Singapore practising Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.

Join us in welcoming Dr. Ambrose & Dr. Fong and feel free to contact us if you’d like to understand more about our Clinic

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Hammer Toe: Symptoms & Treatments

Hammer toes are a common deformity in the toe due to factors such as poor blood circulation or medical conditions such as diabetes. A hammer toe may occur on any of the toes but they are most common in the three middle toes, causing them to be bent. In some patients, this deformity is present upon birth but for others, it can develop over time due to arthritis or wearing shoes that are restrictive.

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Ligament Tear: Symptoms & Treatments

Our knee is supported by 4 main ligaments – anterior ruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Each of the ligament plays a different role in ensuring the stability of the knee. However, due to various reasons, the ligaments can be torn. Rupture of the ligament can be a partial one or a full one and this will affect the treatment administered. A ligament tear will also bring about instability in the knee and the inability for it to bear weight, causing problems when walking. In this article, we will look at some of the symptoms and treatments for ligament tears.

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SLAP Tears: Cause & Symptoms

A slap tear is an injury to the shoulder. SLAP stands for “superior labrum, anterior to posterior”.  This means that the top portion of the labrum is injured from the front to the back. The labrum is a ring of tissue located around the shoulder socket and it is there to stabilize the shoulder due to the extensive amount of movement associated with it. So what exactly causes a SLAP tear and what are the symptoms? This article will help to answer some of these questions.

Our shoulder is made of a ball and socket joint consisting of three different bones. The bones are the upper arm bone, the shoulder blade and the collarbone. The head of the upper arm bone is designed to fit nicely into the socket in the shoulder blade. Each person’s ball and socket joint is unique to him only. The labrum is a thick and strong fibrous tissue that helps to deepen the socket and promote stability to the shoulder joint. It also helps to attach the ligaments and tendons in the area.

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Treatments For Biceps Tendon Tear At The Elbow

The biceps brachii or commonly know as biceps are a two headed muscle that lies between the shoulder and the elbow. Its role is to function as a tool to facilitate bending of the elbow and the rotating of the forearm. A strong biceps muscle will also help to stabilise the entire shoulder. Biceps are attached to the bones by biceps tendons and if the tendons are injured, the attachment capability is severely reduced. This will result in an eventual loss of strength and the inability to rotate the forearm. Biceps tendon tears are rather common injuries especially at the elbow. Injuries to the biceps tendon will cause impairment due to the wide usage of the biceps muscle.

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Dislocated Shoulder: Symptoms & Treatment

Dislocated shoulders are common injuries following a direct trauma to the arm. Recovery period is lengthy and is usually in the region of 3 to 4 months before healing is complete. When someone uses the word “dislocated shoulder”, it simply means that the shoulder bone had popped out of the socket. Why are shoulders so prone to dislocation? This is simply because of the wide range of motion the shoulder provides. To cater to the mobility, the shoulder joint is designed like a ball and socket joint. The arm bone is the ball and is inserted into a socket. However, this is rather unstable and the arm can pop out easily. Most shoulder dislocation is at the lower front, as it is shallower. Let’s discuss about some of the symptoms and treatments for a shoulder dislocation.

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What Is Achilles Tendon Rupture?

The Achilles tendon is located at the back of our heel. Rupturing of it can occur due to several reasons but the most common is because of a sudden trauma acting on the ankle or foot. When the Achilles tendon is torn, the ability to tiptoe is diminished and the walking action will be that of a flat feet person. Due to the severity of this type of injury, it is important to be able to identify it immediately and perform the necessary remedial actions.

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Symptoms And Treatments For Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of musculoskeletal pain and disorder. Our knee is one of the most used joint in the whole body. Every single action of us will require the use of it. Like all well used joint, the knee requires constant lubrication of the joint. Have you ever experienced an old hinge that creaks when you use it? The remedy action taken by you would be to lubricate it with oil. The same theory applies to the knee as well. However, it is lubricated automatically with a fluid known as the synovial fluid. This is aided by the fact that the femur and tibia are covered with a smooth surface and a shock absorber known as the menisci. When these natural protective features are gone due to wear and tear or injuries, the knee will start to experience problems and one of it is osteoarthritis.

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Symptoms And Treatments For Osteoarthritis Of The Hip

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects any joint in the body. One of the most common places is the hip due to the tremendous amount of stress and workload it faces day in day out. As we age, the cartilage in our joint will start to lessen due to wear and tear. You can simply imagine the cartilage to be a soft cushion located in between the joints and its main function is to absorb any shock experienced by that particular joint. Without this cushion, there will be a direct bone-to-bone interaction. When this occurs, pain and tenderness will kick in. There will be restricted mobility in that joint due to severe pain and simple daily activities can be difficult. Let’s look at some symptoms andtreatments for hip osteoarthritis below.

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Hip Surgery For Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not a selective disease. This indicates that RA can occur in any joint in the body, destroying it and causing pain and bringing disability to the patient. RA usually attack joints that are located in the upper groin region but is not limited to that only. In the initial stages, any form of strenuous activities such as jogging, running or even carrying a heavy object can aggravate the pain. As it slowly progresses, it will start to affect the quality of sleep and lead to patients being disorientated. Hip surgery is one of the most effective treatment methods of RA and we will look into it in this article.

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Possible Benefits Of Total Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty

Total hip resurfacing arthroplasty is a surgical procedure with the intention of restoring the function of a hip for a patient suffering from degenerative joint diseases. Some of the common degenerative joint diseases includeosteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis to name a few. It is one of the few surgical techniques that can help patients lead an active lifestyle, with the next common one being hip replacement surgery. In recent years, there has been an increase in interest with regards to hip resurfacing. This is largely due to the fact that the bone will be preserved in this case unlike traditional hip replacement, which requires the removal of the hip joint and replaced with an artificial one. In this article, we will discuss about some of the possible benefits of total hip resurfacing arthroplasty over other techniques.

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Causes And Symptoms Of Sprained Thumb

A sprain thumb is a common injury that is characterized by the tearing of soft connective tissues such as the ligaments and cartilage in the joint of the thumb. Another common term is “Skier’s Thumb” and the sport that has the highest prevalence is as you have guessed, skiing. Sprained thumbs will lead to swelling and tenderness in the finger and will happen to anyone who may unfortunately experienced one of the causes mentioned below in this article.

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Causes And Symptoms Of Scaphoid Fracture Of The Wrist

A scaphoid fracture is essentially a break in the bone located at the thumb of the wrist. First and foremost, there are eight carpal bones in our wrist and the one that is most prone to a fracture is the scaphoid bone. Scaphoid bonefractures require a timely diagnosis, as they need to be treated in order to recover. When proper treatment is administered, healing will be speedy. Without proper treatment, the patient may suffer from long-term consequences such as stiffness and even arthritis as the bone supply in the scaphoid is scarce. In this article, let’s look at some of the causes and symptoms of this fracture.

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Causes And Symptoms Of Distal Radius Fractures (Broken Wrist)

There are two bones in our forearm, one smaller and one that is slightly larger. The larger one is the radius and the end of the radius is known as the distal end. When a patient suffers a distal radius fracture, it means that the far end of the bigger forearm bone is broken. Distal radius fractures are one of the most common kinds of bone fracture in the arm. This type of fracture typically occurs around 2 cm from the end of the bone.

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Causes And Recovery Of Nerve Injuries

Nerves are the ones that sense what is happening and passes that information to our brain where it will get processed. They are extremely fragile and can be injured by pressure. A nerve injury will hinder the transmission of information and this can result in devastating effects such as the inability of our body to function properly and even a loss in our sense of touch in that region.

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Symptoms And Treatments For Kienböck’s Disease

Kienböck’s Disease is a medical condition of uncertain etiology. What this means is that the exact cause is unknown. This disease involves the collapse of the lunate bone located is the wrist and is usually unilateral. The blood supply to the lunate will then be hindered and without blood, the bone will die off. This is because blood contains the necessary nutrients and oxygen that the bone cells need to grow, repair and sustain itself. When this supply is cut off, osteonecrosis will occur, leading to painful wrist and the eventual development of arthritis.

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Symptoms And Treatments For Boutonnière Deformity

Boutonnière Deformity is a medical condition that affects the finger. It is due to an injury to the tendons in the finger that is responsible for the flexing and straightening. If this injury is left untreated, it may result in serious complications and the possibility of permanent deformity.

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Causes And Symptoms Of Trigger Finger

Trigger finger is a medical condition that results in painful fingers when an attempt to bend or lock it is performed. As the name suggests, trigger finger affects the fingers only. The main cause of it is due to inflamed tendons in the finger itself. The main function of tendons in our fingers is to connect the muscles and bones together to allow proper bending and straightening of it. A tendon works best when it is well lubricated.

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All About Wrist Arthroscopy

Wrist arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique performed with the aim of diagnosing and treating existing problems with the wrist. You may be familiar with traditional surgery where the intended area is cut open, treated and stitched back. On the contrary, arthroscopy uses small fiber optic instruments that allows the surgeon to look inside the body and treat it with robotic arms. This will reduce the chance of infection and shorten the recovery time.

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Arthritis of the Thumb: Symptoms & Treatment

Arthritis is a degenerative medical condition that affects and destroy a joint. There are different types of arthritis but the most common one is that affecting the basal joint and osteoarthritis. Thumb arthritis occurs when the cartilage is removed due to prolonged wear and tear from the thumb joint. It can result in severe pain in the hands, swelling and the inability to perform simple daily actions such as turning a doorknob.

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Rehabilitation Exercises for Shoulder Injury

Shoulder rehabilitation exercises are extremely important for the post-recovery following a shoulder injury or surgery. Although it may look simple and easy to do, it should only be performed under the supervision of a physical therapist or a doctor to ensure that you are working the right muscles. This is especially so for surgery patients as you do not want to further aggravate the wound. In this article, we will look at some useful rehabilitation exercises for shoulder injuries.

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Coping With Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a type of rare disease that results in the weakening and eventual breaking down of muscle fibres. Depending on the condition, MD may affect the arms, leg and trunk muscles, causing the inability to walk and move about. MD is a hereditary disease which means that it is passed down from the parents to their children and they will get worse with time. There are nine known types of MD affecting people from all ages and from all walks of life. The two most common ones are Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). As such, it is no easy feat coping with MD be it whether you are the parent or the patient. In this article, we will discuss about how best to cope with MD.

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Rehabilitation Exercises for Shoulder Injury

Shoulder rehabilitation exercises are extremely important for the post-recovery following a shoulder injury or surgery. Although it may look simple and easy to do, it should only be performed under the supervision of a physical therapist or a doctor to ensure that you are working the right muscles. This is especially so for surgery patients as you do not want to further aggravate the wound. In this article, we will look at some useful rehabilitation exercises for shoulder injuries.

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Causes and Symptoms of Flexor Tendon Injuries

Flexor tendon injuries as the name suggest are injuries affecting the tendons. Tendons are thick, elastic fibrous cord like structures that connects the muscles to the bones. The ability for our fingers to bend and flex is due to the flexor muscles. Flexor muscles start from our elbow down to the forearms and finally the tendons which are finally attached to the fingers. Each of our finger has two flexor tendons and that includes the thumb. The usual culprit for a flexor tendon injury is due to a deep cut in the fingers or hands which injures the flexor tendons. In this article, we will look at some of the causes and symptoms of flexor tendon injuries.

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Fingertip Injuries Treatment

Fingertip injuries are a common form of injury at various places such as home, office and outdoors. They can occur due to different reasons with the most common being a sudden trauma, during food preparation and cleaning. There are many different forms of fingertip injuries and they can exist as tearing, crushing or even amputating in nature. Due to the importance of our fingertip to our daily lives, even a minor injury can be disruptive to our activities. Extreme pain is often felt due to the rich amount of nerves present. In this article, we will look at the treatment for fingertip injuries.

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4 Ways to Relief Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps can occur during situations you least expect it to. Cramps are common and their exact cause is often unknown. However, some strenuous activities may increase the chances of one suffering from a cramp attack. This is the reason why we are often asked to perform warm up sessions before commencing a sporting activity. To find out more about ways to relief them, read on!

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How to Massage the Achilles tendon

Tendonitis is the exceedingly small tearing of the tendons due to overuse, resulting in pain, soreness and tenderness. The function of the tendons are to provide a firm attachment of the muscles to the bones. The most common form of tendonitis is the Achilles tendonitis. In this article, we will look at how best to massage the Achilles tendon.

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About Tendonitis in Children

Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons which results in severe pain and hindrances to mobility. The tendons are thick bands of tissues that connects the bones to the muscles. The chances of children contracting tendonitis is increasing nowadays due to the increased in activity level amongst them. Due to an emphasis on leading a healthier lifestyle, more kids are getting involved in sports.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis – Symptoms and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response from the body. In this unusual scenario, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy joint tissues, causing the joint lining to get inflamed. This inflammation will result in pain, swelling, tenderness and stiffness of the joint. The pain associated with RA is not constant throughout. There are sudden spikes in the pain level followed by periods of normality. RA can happen in different types of joints as well as important organs such as the lungs and the heart. Let’s look at some of the symptoms and treatments for RA.

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All about Thumb Fractures

Our thumb only takes up roughly 15% of our hand. However, do not belittle it! The function of our thumb contributes to 50% of the entire function of the hand! As such, a fractured thumb is actually a pretty serious injury. Fractures in the thumb will result in the inability to grip an item properly and lead to problems in your daily lives. In this article, we will be talking about thumb fractures.

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What Is Mallet Finger?

A mallet finger is when there is an abnormality of the finger caused by damage to the extensor tendon. This injury is usually sustained when a ball hits the top of the finger or thumb, injuring the extensor tendon which is responsible for straightening the finger. As this injury is often seen in baseball players, it is also known as baseball finger.

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Why Does My Hip Keep Popping?

Popping in the hip is medically known as snapping hip syndrome or dancer’s hip. It is characterised by a popping or snapping sound when movements such as running, jumping or walking are made. Often, hip popping is more of an annoyance rather than hindrance. However, this does not mean that a snapping hip is harmless. Some people who lead an active lifestyle like a dancer or runner may experience pain in the hip after some time. So what exactly is causing the popping sound in the hip?

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Causes And Symptoms Of Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis in an inflammation of the bone, usually the bone marrow and the surrounding bone tissues due to an infection. It is a rare but extremely serious condition. Once infection occurs, the bone marrow will swell up and this will hinder blood from flowing properly. When this happens, the bone cells will not get sufficient oxygen from the blood and may lead to the bone dying. We will discuss about the causes and symptoms of Osteomyelitis in this article.

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What Are The Advantages Of Minimally Invasive Surgery For Hip Replacement?

Medical technology is constantly evolving for the better. There are better and faster diagnostic equipments, robots to assist in surgery and safer anaesthesia techniques. With these advances in technology, surgery now is a lot lower in risk, shorter recovery time and less discomfort for patients. One of the greatest surgical development is the usage of minimally invasive surgery. In this article, we will be talking about the advantages of minimally invasive surgery for hip replacement.

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How Can I Manage Pain After My Total Knee Replacement Surgery?

Pain is an unavoidable side effect of any surgery, not just a knee replacement surgery. While patients are anxious to undergo surgery in order to regain back a wholesome quality life, they are often unaware and uneducated about how to manage pain post surgery. The pain is definitely here to stay for awhile and knowing how to manage pain will help you set reasonable recovery goals. In this article, we will talking about how you can manage pain better after your total knee replacement surgery.

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How Can I Manage Pain After My Total Hip Replacement Surgery?

Patients who are scheduled for a total hip replacement surgery will often have many questions about the procedure, and the most common being pain management. Most patients want to know how to overcome the initial pain barrier and how to live with it during the recovery period. They want to be able to sleep well and not be woken up in the middle of the night drenched in cold sweat from the pain. In this article, we will look at ways to manage pain after hip replacement surgery.

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What Are Risks of Delaying My Hip Replacement Surgery?

Your rights as a patient permit you to decide when to undergo your hip replacement surgery. Your doctor can only provide professional advices from their many years of experience. A high chance is that your surgeon will recommend you to undergo hip replacement as soon as possible in order to reduce pain and prevent aggravating the injury. However, it all depends on you to make the ultimate call as you may have concerns such as your finances, pre-planned overseas trip and many more. So what are some risks of delaying your hip replacement surgery?

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Knee Dislocation Surgery

Dislocation of the knee or more specifically the patella is a common knee injury that is typically caused by a sudden trauma in the form of a twist or direct hit on the knee, causing the patella to pop out of its usual position in the femoral groove towards the end of the femur. Knee dislocation will be accompanied by a sudden acute pain followed by periods of immobility leading to disability. In order to treat it, open or arthroscopy surgery will be required to repair the damages.

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Recovering From Total Joint Replacement

Immediately after your total joint replacement surgery, you will be moved into a recovery room to be monitored for a couple of hours. After the anaesthesia has worn off and you are awake, you will then be moved to your ward where you will stay for the next few days. A typical stay in the hospital will be between 3 to 5 days depending on your progress. Before the effects of the anaesthesia have fully worn off, you should consume pain killers to prevent a sudden onset of unbearable pain. So how do you recover from total joint replacement surgery?

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Causes and Symptoms of Ankle Fractures in Children

Ankle fractures are common injuries in Children. This is largely attributed to the lack of fully developed strong bones in them and the increased intensity of activities in their daily lifestyle. Ankle fractures occur when there is a break in one of the ankle bones namely the tibia, fibula or talus. Ankle fractures in children usually involve either both the tibia and fibula instead of the talus due to the involvement of growth plates responsible for the regulation of bone growth. Immediate medical attention should be sought as delayed treatment will have a long term irreversible impact on the growth and shape of the adult bone.

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What Are The Advantages Of Minimally Invasive Surgery For Knee Replacement?

Knee replacement is a surgery that is commonly performed with the intention to replace a knee joint damaged due to degenerative diseases. More than half a million people undergo this surgery yearly and this number is set to increase. As its name suggests, minimally invasive surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the usage of small incisions between 3 to 5 inches to carry out the surgery. Unlike its open surgery counterpart, the knee does not need to be cut open and stitched back post operation. This leads to a faster recovery time, shorter hospitalization and also better looking aesthetically. In this article, we will look at some of the advantages of minimally invasive surgery for knee replacement.

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What Are The Advantages of Minimally Invasive Surgery For Knee Replacement?

Knee replacement is a surgery that is commonly performed with the intention to replace a knee joint damaged due to degenerative diseases. More than half a million people undergo this surgery yearly and this number is set to increase. As its name suggests, minimally invasive surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the usage of small incisions between 3 to 5 inches to carry out the surgery. Unlike its open surgery counterpart, the knee does not need to be cut open and stitched back post operation. This leads to a faster recovery time, shorter ahospitalization and also better looking aesthetically. In this article, we will look at some of the advantages of minimally invasive surgery for knee replacement.

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How To Prevent And Treat Runner’s Knee?

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) or commonly known by its nickname as Runner’s Knee is a common problem among runners. Due to the extended hours of pounding on the asphalt, the patella can be irritated when it rests on the thighbone. The pain experienced can be sudden and is often on and off. It can be felt before and after running, but not during the run itself. In this article, we’ll look at how to prevent and treat Runner’s Knee.

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How Do I Know If I Need Hip Replacement Surgery?

Hip replacement surgery is not something that everyone needs. However due to certain medical conditions such as osteoarthritis, hip replacement surgery may be the only way to get back a good quality of life. The choice is still ultimately up to you on whether to undergo hip replacement surgery or to take pain relief medication to tide you through. Let’s discuss on how you know if you really need surgery.

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How Do I Know If I Need Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement is considered a major surgery and there are many factors to consider first before making a decision. It is a question that cannot be answered easily. Rather, it requires you and your orthopaedic surgeon to sit down and ponder through all the possible options available to you before deciding on it. What exactly is knee replacement surgery? How do you know if you require knee replacement surgery?

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Hand Fracture and Aftercare Instructions

In our hand are 5 bones which connect the wrist to the thumbs and fingers. These are the metacarpal bones and they are located between the phalanges and carpus bones. When one of these bones breaks, it is classified as a hand fracture and a splint or cast is often required to be worn whilst the bones heal on their own. For serious cases, surgery may be required to surgically reconnect and mend them using cement. In this article, we will be looking at the causes of fracture as well as the aftercare instructions for them.

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Prevention of Sports Injuries in Children

Keeping our kids safe and sound is the most important thing ever. However, we also need to help them realise their full potential in whatever they do and thus, we should not hinder them. As a result, we should learn how to prevent sports injuries in children in order to progress further. In order to promote an active and healthy lifestyle, sports are an integral part of their lives. With an increase in sports activities come an increase in injury risks and in this article, we will learn how some preventive measures against sports injuries in children.

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Hairline Fractures and Their Causes

Hairline fractures, otherwise known as stress fractures are caused by repetitive forces acting on the bones usually in places such as the foot and lower limb. Due to an imbalance between the resorption and growth of new bone tissues and cells, bones are unable to regenerate and timely replacement cannot happen. Due to this fatigue, micro cracks in the form of hairline fractures are ultimately formed. What are some causes of hairline fractures?

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Treatment and Prevention of Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a painful medical condition due to overuse of the tendons in the elbow. Contrary to its name, tennis elbow does not happen to people who are active in playing tennis. Pain is usually felt in the muscles that are attached to the piece of bone that is bumped up at the elbow region. The intensity of pain depends on the severity of the injury and it can be treated using pain relievers for minor cases to surgery for major ones. What are some treatment methods and ways to prevent tennis elbow?

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3 Reasons Why Physical Therapy is Important to a Sports Injury Recovery

Swelling, pain and loss of motion are common complaints following a sports injury. In order to regain post-injury levels, movement is extremely important. The experts in body movements are physical therapists who are trained to conduct specific exercises and stretches meant for aiding recovery to a specific part of the body. So, what are some reasons why physical therapy is important to a sports injury recovery?

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4 Ways on How to Relieve Hip Pain

The hip joint is essentially a ball and socket joint that is designed to provide a near unrestricted range of motion and withstand this cyclic process and the wear and tear it brings along. Due to the frequency of usage, the hip joint can break down easily. The soft tissues located in the hip will be overused and injuries such as fractures and sprains can then happen, leading to hip pain. We will discuss about some ways to relieve hip pain in this article.

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Relationship between Gout and Joint Pain

Gout is a medical condition that can cause sudden intense painful attacks at the joints, causing swelling and redness of the joint tissues. It usually attacks the joint of the big toe but this does not rule out the attacks on other joints. Gout usually affects men with 9 out of 10 patients being men. Once gout starts to attack other joints, it leads to inflammatory arthritis. In this article, we will look at the relationship between Gout and Joint pain.

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2 Exercises to Prevent ACL Injuries

There are a total of four major ligaments in our knee whose function is to provide stability to the knee joint. One of the most important one is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). There are numerous fibrous bands attaching the ACL to the bones and that helps to keep motion in check and prevent excessive ones. It also prevents the lower leg from going into hyper extension. Due to the many types of forces experienced by the ACL, it is much easier to be injured compared to the other 3 ligaments. In this article, we will look at some exercises that can help to prevent ACL injuries.

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5 Types of Orthopaedic Impairment

Orthopaedic impairments are impairments to the body which can cause a huge amount of disturbance and affect the quality of life you can achieve. It is a disability that may affect the ability to sit or walk. However, orthopaedic impairments may be treated with conventional treatments such as surgery and physiotherapy. Aids such as crutches, splints, braces and wheelchairs can also greatly improve the quality of life.

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Childhood Obesity and Musculoskeletal Problems

Obesity is an ever increasing global problem that results in an increase in the risk of contracting diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and musculoskeletal disorders. This is especially so in children as the obesity rates are rising at a shocking rate. Studies have concluded that overweight and obese have double the risk of suffering from musculoskeletal disorders compared to children who are fit and healthy. Is there any way to combat this problem and what exactly is the link? Let’s discuss about this in the article below.

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6 Various Physiotherapy Methods

Physiotherapists are experts in their own fields, just like how a surgeon is in his. From strains to sprains and bruises to fractures, physiotherapists are able to restore the body back to optimum performance. In less serious injury cases, physiotherapists are able to help you recover without surgical intervention whereas for serious ones, they can help you to recover faster after surgery. Let’s look at some physiotherapy methods and techniques below.

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5 Most Common Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are common injuries for athletes and they can affect every part of our musculoskeletal system. There are hundreds of sports injuries out there and some can have a serious impact on the future of the athlete’s career. Read on to find out which injuries are the most common ones suffered.

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The Relationship between Flips Flops and Arthritis

Arthritis or osteoarthritis is a joint disease that can occur anywhere in our body. Although it is more commonly found in people who are older, it still can happen in younger people. Arthritis will happen in people who bear a lot of weight on their joint. In Singapore where the weather is always hot and rainy, flip flops are the ideal choice of footwear for many due to the comfort and convenience. However, some people suggest that flip flips and arthritis have a relationship. So what exactly is this relationship? Let’s explore further in this article.

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5 Ways to Reduce and Relieve Ankle Pain

Our ankle joint is a complex structure involving bones, tendons and ligaments that helps to provide a wide range of motion including inversion, eversion, extension and flexion. These motions are responsible in providing stability and locomotion for the body. Our ankle bears the full weight of our body and any forces that are acting on it are of significance. Daily actions such as walking, running and jumping will have a huge impact.  As a result, ankle pain is a common complaint experienced by many. What are some ways to reduce and relieve ankle pain?

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Preventing Sports Injuries: Stretching Exercises

Medical research has proven that an increase in the flexibility of a muscle unit increases performance and reduces the amount of injuries sustained. Basic stretching exercises include warming up and cooling down sessions. The main mechanism is due to the loosen tendons after stretching which is less prone to tears when used. Stretching also helps to reduce the recovery time in-between sessions and increases the biomechanical efficiency.

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3 Things to Expect During a Physical Therapy Visit

It’s not surprising that you are a headless chicken with regards to a physical therapy visit. No one wants to go for it if ever possible. If you are a greenhorn, you must definitely be curious about what you will be doing and prepare yourself for it. Firstly, you must know that a physical therapy visit non-surgical and there is no need to worry about needles and blood. The one and only aim of your physiotherapist is to bring you back on the road to recovery. So what are some things to expect during a physical therapy visit?

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Taking Care of Sports Injuries: Leg Fractures

Beneath our skin is the human skeletal system comprising of 206 bones working in tandem with soft tissues such as ligaments, tendons and cartilage to perform critical bodily functions such as movements and regulations. Making up the skeleton are bones and these bones can be fractured when a large enough external force is acted against it. Leg fractures are the condition whereby either the femur, fibula or tibia bones in the leg are broken. There are many possible causes for leg fractures and the main culprit is often overuse injury.  In this article, we will be discussing about how best to care for sports injuries such as leg fractures.

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Causes and Symptoms of Knee Arthritis

Our knee joint is where the femur and tibia meets. This unique combination allows a wide range of motion for the knee under undisturbed conditions. However due to certain complications such as injuries, the surface of the knee joint is damaged and mobility is hindered as a result. There are basically 3 kinds of arthritis affecting the knee: OsteoarthritisRheumatoid Arthritis and Post-trauma Arthritis. In this article, we will be looking at the causes and symptoms of knee arthritis.

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4 Symptoms of a Hairline Fracture

Hairline fractures or stress fractures are not easily detected or felt as compared to other types of fractures. Patients may sometimes feel tenderness at the affected area coupled with some swelling. These symptoms are further amplified during activities and will reduce with rest. Hairline fractures are actually tiny cracks in a bone resulting from overuse and are frequently observed in places where repetitive loads are encountered such as the ankle. Hairline fractures often occur during high impact sports and a few factors can influence it such as the duration of exercise, frequency of exercise as well as the intensity of it. However, patients who do not participate in sports can also experience hairline fractures due to weak bones in their body. Bone diseases or osteoporosis causes a loss in bone density and places one to be more susceptible to stress fractures. In this article, we will further explore some symptoms of a hairline fracture.

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5 Types of Physiotherapy Exercises

Physiotherapy exercises are an integral part of the recovery process of a patient with musculoskeletal problems. There are different types of exercises targeted at different parts of the body and is often used in conjunction with other treatment methods such as surgery and medication.

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Cervical Spondylosis: Symptoms and Treatments

Neck pain is a common complaint experienced by many and is often the result of ageing. This is due to our cervical spine degenerating due to age, resulting in arthritis in the body. When arthritis happens in the neck, it is called neck arthritis or medically known as cervical spondylosis. One important thing to note is that cervical spondylosis is often non-life threatening. In this article, we will discuss about the causes, symptoms and treatments available for cervical spondylosis.

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Preventing Osteoarthritis through Exercise

Osteoarthritis is a significant degenerative disease that affects the joints. It appears most commonly in the lower extremities which includes the knee and ankles. The reason why the lower extremities are favoured is due to the immense amount of stresses experienced each day. Despite the high prevalence of Osteoarthritis, it can be prevented through simple exercises. We will discuss in this article about how best to prevent Osteoarthritis through daily exercises.

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3 Common Procedures Performed By Orthopaedic Surgeons

Orthopaedic surgeries are surgeries that involve the musculoskeletal system including our hands, shoulders, foot and knees. It is one of the most established arm of surgery and one of the most important. At one point or another in our lives, we will definitely require orthopaedic surgery to deal with issues such as sports injuries, musculoskeletal injuries or degenerative diseases. What are some common procedures performed by orthopaedic surgeons?

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Orthopaedic Conditions That Require Spine Surgery

Spine surgery is a major surgery that is often the last option for most surgeons due to the complexity and risks involved. Any slight mistakes or accidents can cause permanent paralysis of the body depending on the affected nerves in the spine. Surgeons will often recommend alternative treatments such as medication and physical therapy and when left with no other choices will they opt for spine surgery. With such high risks involved, what are some orthopaedic conditions that require spinal surgery to be carried out?

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4 Habits to Help Reduce Risk of Orthopaedic Conditions

In sunny Singapore, we tend to engage in sporting activities throughout the year. As the amount of sports activities increases, the risk of orthopaedic injuries will increase likewise. Studies have concluded that 80% of orthopaedic conditions involved the upper extremities such as the arm, shoulders and elbows whereas 20% of them involved the lower extremities such as the knee and ankle. Injuries will prevent us from continuing to be involved in our favourite activity for a period of time and this can be frustrating. What are some good habits to help you reduce the risk of orthopaedic injuries? What are some precautions you should take?

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Snapping Hips : Causes and Treatment

Snapping hip or dancer’s hip is a medical condition resulting in a snapping sound whenever the hip is used such as running, walking, jumping or even simply standing up from a sitting position. There are many possible causes for snapping hip and will often cause annoyance to the patient.

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Knee Popping Explained

Knee popping and associated pain is an extremely common problem experienced by many and there are many possible causes for it. The only distinguishable way between various factors is the presence of pain that comes along with it. Painless popping is often insignificant whereas painful popping is an indication of something serious underlying. Let’s attempt to solve some mysteries of knee popping.

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Stiff Neck – An Underlying Spine Disorder?

Stiff neck causes pain and discomfort when attempting to move your neck. It is often due to injury to the soft tissues and ligaments at the neck region. It is usually accompanied by pain and soreness in the neck, shoulder and arm. Symptoms can last for quite a fair bit of time and it can be relieved using medication or a warm compress. For cases whereby the symptoms go away in a couple of days, there isn’t much of an underlying issue. Stiff neck can occur when you wake up after having slept in an awkward position for a long time. Sometimes, stiff neck can be an indication of an underlying spinal disorder.

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First Aid for Elbow Fracture

First Aid for Elbow Fracture

Our elbow is an integral component of our arm and it acts in the same manner as a door hinge, providing uninterrupted movements such as lifting and support. It also provides rotational capabilities for the forearm as well as the hand, allowing the arm to be in a position where actions can be performed swiftly. Fractures to the elbow means that the forearm bones which consists of the radius and ulna is broken, either due to a direct trauma from falls or exertion of too much force onto it. Elbow fractures will cause unwanted elbow pain and prevent normal daily actions from being accomplished and can cause severe disruptions to our daily lives. As such, fractures must be treated with utmost care to prevent long term complications.

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Various Locations Arthroscopy Can Be Performed At

Arthroscopy surgery actually stems from 2 Greek words, “Arthro” and “Skopein” which means to see within the joint. Arthroscopy is a pin-hole surgery that involves the surgeon making multiple small incisions in the region of interest and inserting small surgical tools, cameras and lights. The high resolution arthroscope is connected to a high definition television which will help the surgeon to see what is going on inside. Since the incisions made are much smaller than conventional open surgery, the recovery time reduces significantly and the risk of infection is much lower. With so many apparent benefits Arthroscopy has over convention open surgery, what is it not used throughout the body? What are the various locations that Arthroscopy can be performed at?

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Checklist to Seek the Most Appropriate Treatment

Checklists are wonderful organising aids to help us make some of the most difficult yet important decisions in our lives. Without a checklist, we will be drowned by the myriad of choices, especially when it comes to healthcare and medical treatment. It is important to know when to seek medical treatment and attention. Many people who have suffered injuries often ignore it with the mentality that things will get better a few days later. While this is true for minor injuries, major ones cannot wait and the later you seek help, the lower the chances of recovery. Here is a checklist to help you seek the most appropriate treatment.

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Age-related Orthopaedic Conditions

Age related orthopaedic conditions frequently decreases the ability to remain mobile, cause discomfort and pain and reduces the ability to lead a quality lifestyle, requiring alterations to daily activities. Ageing is a process which is spontaneous and cannot be avoided. However, age-related problems can be avoided if proper nutrition and care is provided.

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Does Cracking Knuckles Give You Arthritis?

Cracking knuckles is a bad habit most males have. It seems to give them a sense of security and power. So what really causes that cracking sound? Well, our knuckles are covered by the synovial capsule which is filled with synovial fluid. There are also gases that are dissolved in the fluid such as oxygen and carbon dioxide. When the knuckle is cracked, the synovial capsule is stretched and the internal pressure is lowered, creating a bubble which eventually bursts, creating that popping sound. This is also the reason why you are unable to crack your knuckles continuously due to the need for the gases and bubbles to form. However, many people are extremely concerned with relationship between cracking knuckles and arthritis. There are 2 major types of arthritis namely the inflammatory and degenerative types. For inflammatory arthritis, it is largely due to autoimmunity. Degenerative arthritis is those associated with wear and tear and has a closer similarity with cracking of knuckles. Let’s try to clarify those doubts in this article.

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Possible Home Fixtures and Installations for Elderly Rehabilitation

Elderly rehabilitation is the process of regaining the physical and mental abilities of an elder person that were lost when they were sick. Rehabilitation is needed to improve the quality of life and allowing them to lead a more fulfilling lifestyle. Most elderly do not wish to spend their rehabilitation period in a hospital due to the high cost. Instead, they wish to do it in the comfort of their home. Rehabilitation should always take place in a safe and conducive place that is stress free and comfortable. This would also mean that you need to make changes in your home to allow for a better recovery. Let’s take a look at some possible home fixtures and installations that can help in the rehabilitation process.

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4 Common Orthopaedic Injuries in Elderly People

According to studies, orthopaedic injuries are the leading cause of injuries in elderly people. Common injuries include fractures to the hip, pelvic, spine, shoulder and forearm, head injuries and soft tissue injuries. In the elderly especially, there has been an observed pattern to orthopaedic injuries. Firstly, it is the fear of injuries followed by the actual injury and subsequent medical attention and the eventual loss of mobility and the need for specialised care. Let’s discuss about some of the common orthopaedic injuries in the elderly so that we can all try to prevent it from happening to our loved ones at home.

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4 Major Health Complications from Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a medical condition that will lead to a gradual decrease in bone density and eventual loss of the skeleton’s ability to bear the weight of the body. This is a major cause for fractures and women are at a higher risk due to their already lower bone density and the ability to breast feed. Our bone mass peaks by 30 years of age and it will start to decline after that. Without sufficient calcium intake, it will get worse. Osteoporosis is also known as the silent disease as the symptoms come without any knowing.

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Top 3 Most Knee Damaging Activities

Living an active lifestyle is great and the health benefits associated are undisputable. Exercising regularly is important to strengthen our muscles and better support our joints. Weak joints will increase the chances of misalignment for the bones, ligaments and tendons. However, it may also cause problems for your knee. Our knee has to bear the brunt of our body weight and activities such as running and jumping will cause a lot of compressive stresses on the knee and wearing out the cartilage. Although our knee is designed to take all these things thrown at it, it will give way eventually. There are some activities that are especially damaging towards the knee and let’s explore them further.

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Patellar Dislocation: Causes and Prevention

Patellar or kneecap dislocations are injuries that occur with significant regularity, especially in young and active teens. Most injuries occur laterally and are accompanied by severe pain and swelling. The immediate remedial action following a patellar dislocation is to relocate the kneecap back to the trochlear groove. This is often performed without you even knowing it as it automatically pops in when you straighten your leg.

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Questions To Ask Before Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopaedic surgeries are major surgeries and are extremely stressful. There will be a lot of doubts going through your head and can trigger an anxiety breakdown. However, this can be controlled by asking questions prior to your surgery. Being knowledgeable about what you are about to go through will allow you to appreciate the entire surgical process, prepare yourself for it and set in mind a proper recovery plan post surgery. So what are some questions that you should be asking your surgeon before surgery?

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4 Most Common Injuries Incurred in Soccer

Soccer is a high impact sport that is rather safe due to the protective equipment mandated during play. However, injuries still do occur to players and some of them can take up to a year to recover. Soccer is a fast paced game that requires frequent change of directions, sudden stops and twisting actions. Incorrect placement of the feet can cause ligaments to tear when attempting to change direction. Let’s discuss about the most common injuries incurred in soccer.

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Symptoms of Arthritis

The signs and symptoms of arthritis are misleading. They are similar to normal injuries and people tend to ignore them, thinking that it will go away on its own after some time. However, it is important to identify the symptoms early and start treatment fast. Once arthritis gets serious, it can cause a severe impact on how you lead your life. Stiffness accompanied with swelling and pains in the joints are onset symptoms of arthritis. This is especially amplified after long durations of inactivity such as waking up in the morning. What are other symptoms of arthritis? Let’s talk about them below.

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4 Daily Activities to Reduce Risk of Hip Injury

The joint that connects our pelvis to our thigh is our hips and weak hips are often the cause of hip injuries. This is due to the extreme flexibility and range of motion our hips offer but there is a trade-off between flexibility and stability. Generally, our hips are stable but daily activities can cause injuries to them. Studies have proved that poor hip stabilisation causes injuries as the hip is heavily required to support the combined motion of our legs and knees. You can perform simple daily activities to reduce the risk of hip injuries. Let’s discuss a few of them in detail.

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4 Ways To Survive The Cast

cast is meant to hold broken bones in place until it heals. Casts help to immobilise the immediate areas around an injured joint and reduces muscular contractions, preventing further movement at the injury site. It holds the entire broken bone in the correct alignment while allowing it to heal naturally. It can either be placed to prevent surgery for minor cases or as a protective barrier after surgery depending on the seriousness of the injury. However, casts are bulky and rigid things that make movement extremely difficult. Let’s look at some ways to survive the cast.

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Exercises to Relief Mouse Shoulder

Do you have a job that requires prolonged sitting at your desk, clicking onto that dreadful mouse? Spending hours at a desk bound job without being able to walk around and stretch your muscles can cause pain in your body. Do you frequently feel a tight and burning sensation at your shoulder whenever you click on the mouse? Patients always have the wrong impression that if they sit ergonomically, they will not suffer from these injuries. However, even if the keyboard and screen are arranged in an ergonomically way, the position of the mouse can cause havoc if it is incorrectly placed.

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4 Misconceptions About Epidural Steroid Injections

Epidural Steroid Injections (ESI) is commonly administered to patients suffering from lower back or leg pain. Lower back pain is due to the inflammation of spinal nerves, causing pain and discomfort to patients as the nerve passage is narrower compared to healthy patients. Corticosteroids are extremely strong pain relief medication that is injected directly into the area of concern, providing immediate relief. However, most patients undergo the procedure with the mentality that they will be “cured” from their lower back pain. This is a misconception of it and in fact, there are many more misconceptions out there about ESI.

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How Does Yoga Reduce Orthopaedic Injuries?

No one in this world is born perfect. There are imbalances in various parts of our body and this can cause injuries if mishandled. Many sports athletes are now turning to an ancient form of practice – Yoga. Yoga helps to increase the flexibility and physical as well as mental strength of oneself. It helps to prevent injuries associated with overuse and speed up recovery of existing injuries.

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Recovery from Metatarsals Fracture

There are many bones in our foot and 5 of them are long bones, otherwise known as metatarsals. If you are an avid football fan, this term should not sound foreign to you. Remember just before the 2002 World Cup, the famous injury that David Beckham suffered from was a metatarsals injury, resulting in it being called the “Beckham Bone”. During a fracture, one if not some metatarsal(s) is broken, resulting in an orthopaedic condition. This is followed by pain and swelling and the inability to absorb shock and weight from the patient.

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Understanding More About Bankart Lesion Repair

Our shoulder is best described as a ball and socket joint that allows flexible movement in various directions. However, there is a direct trade off between flexibility and stability. Due to the extreme flexibility, it is unstable and is very prone to injuries and dislocation. When the labrum is detached from the glenoid, it adds to the instability. It is very easy for the shoulder ball to pop out of the socket and when this happens, it will tear the inferior glenohumeral ligament, leading to an injury called Bankart Lesion. To recover fully, either an arthroscopic or an open surgery called the Bankart Lesion Repair will need to be carried out.

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Examples And Differences Between Chronic and Acute Injury

Have you ever heard your doctor saying that your injury is an acute or chronic one? What are their differences? You need to know exactly what they are and what you should do. Their symptoms are different and the treatment methods differ as well. After all, it is your own body and you will be the one affected by it.

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Importance of Recovery Period In Your Exercise Regime

Rest and recovery is probably the most important part of your exercise regime. Sufficient rest is required to maintain high level performance levels but many people still choose to over train and overuse their muscles. Too much rest will cause you to lose the intensity while too little will cause you to burn out fast. You need to strike a balance between rest and training. Repair and strengthening of the body doesn’t take place during the exercise itself. Instead, they happen when the body is at rest.

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4 Most Common Gymnastics Injuries

Gymnastics is a full body and physically demanding sport meant for all gender. Due to its stressful and challenging nature, risk of injuries are extremely high. Although most injuries are minor ones, some can be serious and life threatening! This risk is amplified when risky stunts are attempted. I will discuss some common Gymnastics injuries in this article.

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4 Steps To Reduce Risk of ACL Injury

There are 4 main ligaments in our knee which gives rise to the stability. The ligaments work together to prevent excessive motion to the knee joint and prevent over stretching which might lead to injuries. The most important ligament out of the 4 is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). However, ACL injuries are also the most common ligament injury and many teenagers have had ACL reconstruction performed on them. So what are some steps you can take to help reduce the risk of ACL injury?

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Top 4 Most Injury Prone Activities for Youth

The period of youth is perhaps the most important part of our lives. Our body starts to mature and we have much more energy than before. We are also more motivated and have a higher desire to try new things, especially athletic activities. However, it is also during our youth that we suffer most injuries and due to that, many of us are unable to participate in competitive sports in the future. There are some activities which are especially prone to injuries and let’s take a look at some of them in this article.

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Dos and Don’ts When Recovering From Hairline Fracture

Only those who have experienced fracture will know the immense pain when the fracture first occurred. The immediate onset of pain followed by several limitations that will cause us to alter our activities to accommodate to the inconvenience caused. After everything is over, it’s time to start the recovery process. Recovery from a hairline fracture is a spontaneous process that does not require any external energy to kick start it. However, there are some Dos and Don’ts which should be observed to expedite the healing process and prevent reoccurrence.

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Spine Surgery: Orthopaedic Surgeon or Neurosurgeon?

In the event that you require spinal surgery to cure your injured back, the first and most important decision you have to make is to choose between an orthopaedic surgeon or a neurosurgeon. The choice of the right surgeon is extremely important and you have to consider factors such as the experience and success rate of the surgeon. So how different are these 2 doctors?

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5 Benefits of Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) Therapy?

Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) therapy is an innovative treatment that helps to relieve pain and speed up the healing process. Since PRP uses your own tissue to aid in healing, there will not be complications arising from antibodies reacting. PRP appears to be beneficial in musculoskeletal treatment of the body in places such as the knee, shoulders, spine and hip. It is a non-surgical treatment that carries a much lower risk that conventional surgery.

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Causes and Symptoms of Lumbar and Thoracic Spine Fracture

Spinal fractures are extremely serious injuries. They most commonly occur in the thoracic and lumbar spine and are usually caused by high impact and sudden forces exerted on the spine such as a car accident or a fall from high altitudes. Men are more vulnerable to either thoracic or lumbar spine fractures up to four times than that of women and the elderly are also at a higher risk due to their loss in bone density due to osteoporosis. Our bones have excellent compressive strength and a large amount of energy is required to fracture it. This would also mean that when there is lumbar or thoracic spine fracture, the surrounding soft tissues as well as the spine will definitely be injured as well, and the extent of the injury is directly proportional to the force acting on the back.

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3 Rehab Exercises for Knee

Imagine our knee as the hinges of doors, only much more heavily used every single day. After a period of time, the hinges will start to squeak. What will you do then? The most logical way is to oil the hinge as oil will reduce the friction between the hinge and the door, allowing a smoother and silent opening and closing motion. The same goes for our knees! Our knee has to bear all of our body’s weight throughout the day and this is amplified through actions such as jumping. The pressure exerted on our knee can go up to 4 times of our body weight and sooner or later, our knee joints will start to go “rusty” and require maintenance. Rehab exercises are excellent for building and strengthening key muscles such as the Quad, hamstrings, abductor and adductor which will in turn help to reduce injuries. What are some great rehab exercises that you can do?

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4 Exercises for Back Pain Relief

Relief from back pain can be obtained from simple back exercises that helps to stretch, loosen and strengthen the back muscles. Our body is designed in a way that the back muscles must work in tandem with the spinal cord and the soft tissues such as the ligaments and tendons. If there are any restriction to the movement, it will cause discomfort and pain for the patient. Back pain is an orthopaedic condition that requires special attention to be given to it. There are some good exercises that can help to provide pain relief and let’s discuss them below.

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Home treatments – Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are common orthopaedic injuries involving the ankle and minor ankle sprains will heal on their own. Ankle sprains happen due to the ligaments in the ankle tearing because of sudden shifts into positions that are unusual. Minor ankle sprains take between 2 to 4 weeks to heal and more serious ones will take up to 6 months. Home treatment is often sufficient to relieve pain and speed up the healing process.

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Top 6 White Collar Work Injuries

Work is literally a pain in the body. Don’t you frequently experience pain throughout your body when you return home from work? Studies have concluded that white collar professionals are the ones that have the highest medical claims among all occupations. White collar workers and blue collar workers suffer different pain mainly due to their different job scope. White collar workers sit at their desk the entire day and it does not seem to be hard work at all. However, they often reach home with muscle aches everywhere.

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4 Foods That Compromises Bone Health

Most of us know exactly what food to consume in order to keep our bones strong and healthy. However, there are also foods that are bad for our bone and we should reduce the intake of them. Not only do these foods prevent our bone from absorbing calcium, they also increase the risk of us getting obese. Let’s take a look at some of the foods that compromises bone health and increase the risk of orthopaedic complications.

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Basic First Aid for Fractured Hips

Our hip consists of a ball and socket joint which allows excellent rotation abilities that allows the leg to bend and rotate around the pelvis. The hip is one of the most frequently used parts of our body and a sudden impact force to the femur can result in a break, commonly known as a hip fracture. Hip fracture is a serious orthopaedic condition and surgery is required to treat it. What happens when someone experiences a fractured hip? What can you do to help him out immediately? What is the basic first aid that can be carried out? Let’s discuss some of them in this article.

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Basic First Aid for Fractured Lower Limbs

Our bones have high compressive strength but poor tensile strength. This means that it can take forces acting on it in a compressive manner. However, it will crack or break if high impact forces are acted on it suddenly. Our bones also store essential minerals such as calcium and will release to the body when it detects a calcium deficit. A fracture is an orthopaedic condition that is hard to diagnose without proper radiography methods and when a fracture is suspected, it should be treated as a fracture unless otherwise diagnosed. Green stick fractures are partially broken bones and it is a partial fracture while a complete fracture occurs when the bone is snapped into two pieces. A compound fracture is indicative by a protrusion of the fractured bone through the skin. Immediate first aid should be administered to it.

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6 Medications Used For Orthopaedic Treatments

Pain is often the first symptom of most orthopaedic problems. A proper diagnosis followed by prompt treatment will need to be administered to patients in the shortest possible  time. However, not all orthopaedic problems will need to be treated by surgery. Medications can help in most cases to reduce swelling, inflammation and pain and allow the patient to continue to lead a high quality lifestyle. Let’s take a look at some of the common medications that are used for orthopaedic treatments.

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Necessary Preparation Work Before MRI Scan

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to visualize internal structures in a detailed manner. MRI uses Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to picture nuclei of atoms inside the body. Preparation work before a MRI scan is hassle free and it is mostly used for orthopaedic injuries.

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5 Applications of Shockwave Therapy

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy or more commonly known as Shockwave therapy is a non invasive medical treatment that sends acoustic waves to injured parts of the body with the intent to reduce pain and promote healing. The shockwaves used for Shockwave therapy is similar to those used to break down kidney stone, but it is only at one tenth of the intensity, rendering it rather safe for the body. There are many uses of shockwave therapy and it can be widely applied to treat different injuries. Let’s take a look at some of the common applications of Shockwave Therapy.

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Introduction To Commonly Used Protective Gears

Warehouses are regulated by Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) standards to protect warehouse workers from work injuries. There is a high risk of injury for workers working in such environment with all the machines and wooden pallets. As such, workers are required to don protective gears when working in warehouses for their own safety. In this article, we will be looking at some of the commonly used protective gears out there.

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5 Common Injuries Suffered by Dancers

Dancing is a physical activity that is accompanied with a certain level or risk. Dancing is something that needs to be gradually built up from scratch and one cannot simply jump into it expecting to do something they have never tried. Proper warm up and stretching as well as cooling down exercises will need to be performed religiously before and after every session. Injuries can be career threatening to any dancer and it is important to take precautions to prevent them from happening.

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4 Common Injuries Incurred From Rugby

Rugby is a high impact and physically demanding sport that has a high risk of injuries due to its high contact nature. Being a competitive sport, it places a high emphasis on the physical attributes of the player and thus the increase in orthopaedic injuries. There are some parts of the body that is at a higher risk namely the head, shoulders and knees. Most injuries occurs during competitive matches especially during the tackling phase. Let’s take a look at some of the common injuries incurred from rugby.

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Nutrition Secrets for Ligament Tear Recovery

The ligament is a fibrous tissue and its main function is to connect bones to another bone and prevent abnormal joint motions. Injuries to ligaments will take a long time to heal. However, good nutrition can help to speed up the recovery process. The vitamins and minerals in food can help to facilitate healing.

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5 Simple Rehab Exercises for Rotator Cuff Injury

Our rotator cuff is made up of muscles, tendons and ligaments which hold the shoulder blade firmly with the humerus. Our shoulder joint is one of the most heavily used joint in the whole body and this place the shoulder at a high injury risk. Rotator cuff injuries can commonly happen to people who are actively in sports or use the shoulder heavily. Exercises are an integral form of treatment for someone suffering from Rotator Cuff injuries. It is also often the first form of treatment that most doctors will prescribe to patients and only when it fails will he recommend surgery.

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5 Home Remedies for Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is a medical condition which affects the feet. It will cause extreme pain and this pain is more pronounced during the morning when the ligaments and tendons in the feet are not yet warmed up. Many patients describe the pain they experience in the morning as being stabbed repeatedly in the feet. The onset of pain is largely due to long periods of immobility of the feet such as a long day of using the computer. As the activities around the leg increases, the pain will decrease. The most common treatment method is the use of anti-inflammatory medication as well as pain killers to provide pain relief. However, some home remedies can actually work wonders.

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Top 3 Most Common Elbow Injuries

Our elbow is basically a joint in which the humerus bone, ulna bone and the radius bone is connected together to form a joint that functions like a hinge. The radius bone and the ulna bone also enable the elbow to rotate around the forearm. The main function of the elbow is to move forward and back as well as rotate around. Tendons are connected to the elbow and they can be easily injured either due to a sudden impact or due to ageing. The elbow is one of the most easily injured parts of the body as it is like a ball and socket joint in which the ball can easily slip out of the socket. Let’s look at some of the common elbow injuries.

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5 Simple Home Exercises after Knee Surgery

Once you return home after knee surgery, it is when your recovery officially starts. You need to start performing muscle strengthening exercises to build up strength that was lost due to injury. Not only that, you will also need to regain your full range of motion in the shortest possible time to eliminate any possible complications. It will be difficult initially as you have lost most of the strength previously. Recovery is a long and tedious process that needs to adhere to a schedule religiously. Deviating from it can possibly cause more harm. Rushing through it will also cause more harm than good. So what are some of the simple home exercises that you can do to help you out?

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Why Does Cold Weather Causes Pain in Our Joints?

Do you have an elder at home who seems to be very accurate with her prediction on when the rain will come? They always tell you that once they experience pain in the joint, it will rain soon after. Medically wise, it is still an unsolved mystery about the exact relation between painful joints with cold weather. For a long time, cold and rainy weather has been linked to joint problems and arthritis and these affect areas such as the elbow, wrist, shoulders and knees.

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Top 5 Most Common Types of Arthritis

What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the word “arthritis“? Some of the common things include old age and painful joints. This is actually quite accurate! Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints and this is more common in people of certain age, especially those above 50 years old. There is currently no cure for arthritis. Arthritis occurs in many different forms and there are more than 100 types of them. In this article, let’s take a look at some of the more common ones.

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Complications of Cervical Radiculopathy for Middle-aged Men

Cervical radiculopathy is a medical condition that occurs when a nerve in the spine is irritated due to nerve pinching and it leaves the spine. Nerves located in the spinal cords will leave the spine in all directions and they will travel through the body. Although the nerves are commonly affected only at the spinal region, the impact can be felt from other parts of the body as well. Cervical radiculopathy can be caused by different factors such as ageing as well as injuries. We will be concentrating on cervical radiculopathy for middle aged men in this article. 

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What Should You Know About PCL Ligament Injury?

Our knee is probably the most overused part of our body. We use it every single day without fail and this increases the risk of injury. It is also one of the most flexible parts of our body with the other being our shoulder. To increase the flexibility of a joint, certain functions and strength will have to decrease, making it more prone to injuries. However, there are 4 different knee ligaments that help to stabilise the knee, namely the anterior cruciate ligamentmedial collateral ligamentlateral collateral ligament and posterior cruciate ligament. We will be focusing on the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in this article. Injuries to the PCL are not as common as injuries to the ACL.

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How to Recover Faster from an Orthopaedic Surgery

Advancement in Orthopaedic surgery over the years has led to a lower risk of infection and a faster recovery process. Although Orthopaedic surgery brings a lot of pain to the patient, there are many pain relief medications that can be consumed to counter it. Recovery is a long and slow process that requires a lot of patience from the patient. It cannot be expedited or long term complications may occur. However, there are some things you can do to help recover faster. Let’s look at some of them.

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Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From a Fracture

Fractures or broken bones results when the impact force is too high for the bone to withstand, causing it to crack. Fractures are straight forward injuries and it is a serious one. Our bones are structurally rigid and it is reinforced by connective tissues and calcium. Bone fractures come in different forms and severity that is dependent on the direction of the force and the extent of it as well as the patient’s age and health. There are some parts of the body that are prone to fractures and they are the areas that are frequently used and commonly occur as sports injuries. Some examples are the wrists, ankles and hip. Fractures can be either open or closed, with an open fracture being the bone being exposed through the skin while for the closed fracture, the skin is intact.

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Nutrition Secrets to Help Prevent or Delay Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the loss of bone mass and its victims are usually people above the age of 50. Our bone requires calcium to stay healthy and strong and if it is unable to obtain sufficient calcium from our dietary intake, it will “steal” calcium from the bones, making them weak. Over the years, researchers have learnt more about osteoporosis and the various ways to prevent it from occurring. It is common to lose bone density due to ageing but some people are losing more than normal and thus are at a higher risk of suffering from osteoporosis. One simple and fuss free way to prevent osteoporosis would be the food you eat.

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Unravel the Mystery of Shoulder Pain

The function of the shoulder joint is to provide mobility to the shoulder and it is one of the parts of the body which is heavily used every single day. Many people suffer from shoulder pain. Many different reasons can result in shoulder pain and it is important to know the exact orthopaedic reason and only then can the correct diagnosis and treatment be made. Shoulder pain can suddenly happen and many people are unsure of it. Let’s try to unravel the mystery of shoulder pain today.

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Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is a very common problem experienced by many and is caused by different reasons. Patients will often suffer pain under the heel or behind the heel. Most of the time, heel pain will disappear on its own with time but in serious cases, they can become chronic problems. There are 26 bones in the human foot and the largest bone is the heel bone. The function of the heel is to provide support and balance the weight of the body. With such immense weight acting on it and various activities such as running and jumping, the heel is at a high risk of injury.

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Common Ligament Injuries

Ligaments are fibrous tissues which connects our bones to other bones. They also help to support the joints and allow a normal range of motion for the joints. Ligaments have high tensile strength due to the high density of collagen present. Ligaments also provide proprioceptive inputs to the brain and allow the body to perform complex activities required in sports. Injuries to the ligament are common in high impact and high speed sports and a structural damage to the ligaments are known as ligament sprains. There are some ligament injuries that are much more common than others and let’s take a look at them.

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Introduction to Decompression of Back

There are many reasons why someone suffers from lower back pain. Common reasons include injuries and ageing. Our spine is naturally protected by the vertebrae and cushioning it are the intervertebral disks. The main function of the intervertebral disks is to cushion any impact or shock experienced by the spinal cord and protects it from any damages. However, sudden huge impact can cause the spine to be damaged despite of the protective measures. Ageing also contribute to a significant percentage of people suffering from back pain mainly due to degeneration of the disks due to wear and tear.

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Possible Causes For Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpus is derived from the Greek word “karpos” which means wrist. Our wrist is supported by fibrous connected tissues. The space between these fibrous tissues and the wrist bone is the carpal tunnel and the median nerve passes through this tunnel and signals are passed from the brain to the wrist through this nerve. If swelling occurs at the fibrous tissues, it can irritate the median nerve and disrupt nerve communication which will result in numbness of the fingers, medically known as “carpal tunnel syndrome“.

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Symptoms of a MCL Ligament Injury

There are four ligaments that provide stability to the knee joints. They are the anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate, lateral collateral ligament and medial collateral ligament. The main function of the medial collateral ligament is to prevent the knee from hyper-extension inwards and allow rotation to happen. However when the MCL is overstretched due to trauma, it can tear quite easily. A tear to the MCL can be on its own but it is more commonly in conjunction with a tear to the ACL and meniscus. 

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Typical Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Have you ever experienced pain that does not go away with time at the bottom of your foot? The cause of this could possibly be Plantar Fasciitis, a condition that affects the bottom of the foot mainly due to inflammation of the fascia. Plantar Fasciitis is often caused by over usage of the Plantar Fascia. People who engage in long distance running without wearing shoes that provide good cushioning and support are much more prone to this.

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What is Slipped Herniated Disc?

Our spine is composed entirely of bones called vertebrae and providing them with cushioning are small discs called the intervertebral discs. Over time, the intervertebral discs can lose their elasticity and will place the spine at a higher risk of injury. Pain in the spinal disc have many different terms, the common ones being “pinched nerve”, “slipped disc” and “slipped herniated disc”. The truth is, all of the terms refer to the same thing. Many patients who suffer from back pain, leg pain and the weakening of the lower core muscles are usually diagnosed as suffering from slipped herniated disc. 

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Common Basketball Injuries

Basketball is an intensive sport that requires motion such as jumping, running, sudden twisting and leaping and thus, the chances of injuries are quite high. Research has concluded that the chances of a basketball injury is twice as high as compared to a baseball injury. Basketball involves the entire body from the arms, shoulders, wrists, waist, knee, ankles and feet. Basketball injuries are classified under overuse and traumatic and as their name suggest results from either constantly exposing a part to stress without providing sufficient rest and from sudden impact.

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Microdiscectomy Spine Surgery or Physiotherapy?

Located in our spine are intervertebral discs who acts as the cushioning system for the spine. It helps to balance the forces experience by the spine through actions like standing, jumping, lifting and sitting. It also helps to protect the vertebrae and brain by limiting the amount of movement allowed by each individual disc. Repeated actions over time can cause the disc to weaken and sudden impact or trauma can cause shearing of the discs, resulting in the semi-liquid substances to impinge onto the nerves, causing pain. When things get more serious, daily actions such as bowel and bladder control may not be possible and thus, surgery is often recommended by doctors. However, should you really consider surgery or other options like physiotherapy?

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How Does Core Stability Affect Back Injury Risks?

Core stability is a concept that started more than 10 years ago with the belief that strengthening of core muscles such as the back and abdominal will help to build up a solid foundation to allow other muscle groups to work together and help to reduce the chances of one suffering from an injury, shorten rehabilitation time and increase sports performance levels. Core stability training as mentioned above targets the muscle groups which are connected to the spine, shoulder and pelvis. Weak abdominal muscles can lead to back pain and strong muscles will reduce back pain. The main message is that a stable and strong muscle will reduce back pain.

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Common Upper Back and Neck Injuries

Our neck is one of the part of our body that is used a lot throughout the day and neck. Our neck is extremely flexible but due to the lack of any form of muscle support, it has to bear the weight and stress of our head, placing it at a high risk of injury. Any forms of sudden impact can cause serious injuries and damages to the ligaments. Our spine runs from our back to the neck and it communicates with the entire body by sending nerve signals. One thing that many people fail to recognise is that pain in the arm could be a sign that something is wrong with the neck and not the arm itself since nerve signals are sent through the body. What are some of the common upper back and neck injuries experienced by many?

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Things to Know About Meniscus Repair

The function of the meniscus is to provide stability and act as a cushion for our knee joint. It helps to ensure that weight distribution is spread out evenly throughout the knee joint and prevent any joint problems like arthritis. However, injury to the meniscus is extremely common among people below the age of 25 years who are active in sports. Once a diagnosis of a torn meniscus is made, a decision needs to be made fast regarding the treatment. Usually, the doctor will suggest the treatment he thinks is most suited for you depending on your age, level of activeness and extent of injury. 

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Effects of Arthroscopy Surgery

Arthroscopy surgery is a commonly performed surgery that helps to treat knee problems. The main difference from normal open surgery is that small incisions are made to allow a small camera and surgical devices to be placed at the knee joint. Since only small incisions are made, the recovery time will be shorter and there will be less potential complications as compared to open surgery. However as with all surgery, there are some effects after the surgery that are due to the surgery itself.

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Top 4 Occupations that Negatively Affects the Musculoskeletal System

Our musculoskeletal system consists of the bones, ligaments, tendons and many more that allows us to move around. Disorders to the musculoskeletal will affect our locomotion and will cause problems to our daily lives. Disorders are often due to cyclic stresses and strains caused by our daily activities. Some occupations have an increased risk for Musculoskeletal disorders and our shoulders, hands, neck and back are the ones that are usually affected.

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Introduction to Various Shoulder Injuries

Our shoulder is a very delicate and complex component of our body that is kept together by bones, tendons and muscles. A shoulder injury is very painful and can cause a lot of discomfort and inconvenience to us. There are many different kinds of shoulder injuries and they are caused by different reasons such as strain, cyclic motion and injuries.

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Possible Sports Injuries From Full Contact Martial Arts

Many people around the world participate in martial arts. There are 3 types of martial arts namely the light, medium and full contact martial arts and as the names suggest, each differs in the amount of body contact involved. Martial arts have many benefits to it, most prominently are the health benefits as well as the coordination between various parts of the body, body balance and flexibility. However, as with all kinds of full contact sports, there are injuries that are associated with it.

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Difference Between Chiropractor and Orthopaedic Doctors

An unfortunate accident occurred one day while you were playing contact sports and that left you with a knee injury. You know that you need to consult a medical professional for this injury and you start to evaluate the options available. Should you go to an Orthopaedic doctor or should you go to a Chiropractor? Each has its own advantages. For some cases, chiropractic sports are great to treat certain injuries while some injuries fall outside the jurisdiction of chiropractic and only orthopaedic surgery can treat them.

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The First 3 Months After Your Knee Replacement Surgery

During your knee replacement surgery, you will be under general anaesthesia and there will be an incision made on your knee to allow surgical tools to move in and out of the knee. Once the damaged portions of the knee are removed and the artificial joints placed into the knee and attached using adhesive materials, the knee will be sutured together and you will be pushed to the recovery room. 

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Stiff Neck – Cause And Relief!

Have you ever woke up to a stiff neck before? That uncomfortable and tight feeling that makes movement almost impossible and causing you a lot of discomfort throughout the entire day. Stiff neck are frequently experienced by many and it will usually go away by itself after a few days. You may rest assure that stiff neck is not an indication of any serious problems with your neck. So what are some of the causes of stiff neck and what measures can you take to relief it?

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Sprained, Tears or Fractured?

Sports injuries are inevitable at some point in time of your life. After a hard training session or a game of your favourite sports, there will definitely be those post game aches and pain that you will suffer which are perfectly normal. In unwanted cases, you could have landed badly from a jump or fell awkwardly on your shoulders, resulting in a swollen ankle or shoulder. You try to self medicate but what injury is it exactly? Is it a sprain, muscle tear or a fracture? How do you differentiate them from one another?

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Common running injuries

Running is an excellent cardiovascular exercise that has good effects on the body. It helps to improve stamina and burn off calories to keep the body in a lean manner. It also increases the good cholesterol level in the body and boost our immune system. However, running is a high impact sport and it is not meant for everyone. Because of their high impact nature, they can cause injuries to the ankles, knees, hip and even the spine. To take advantage of running and not like running take advantage of you, you need to be aware of the common injuries due to running and how are they caused so that you can take the necessary precautions and not fall victim to them.

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Pregnancy – Nutrition and Exercises For Healthy Bone Structure

Pregnancy is the time that many things will happen to a woman internally. Most women only think about what are the best food they should consume so that the child can gain all the necessary nutrients to grow properly. What many women do not think of is the condition and health status of their bone. During pregnancy, the baby in the womb relies on the mum’s daily calcium intake to build the skeleton. If the supply of calcium is insufficient, it will automatically source for calcium from the mother’s bones, causing the mum to lose bone density and mass. However, this can easily be prevented through proper diet and exercises.

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Effects on Joints and Skeleton Integrity – Golf

After seeing the wonders of Tiger Woods in the golfing world, many people are suddenly interested in the sport and it has seen a huge growth not only in America but also around the world. People from young to old are starting to learn how to play golf and well to do parents are also forcing their kids to learn golf as it is seen as a game that rich businessmen sign contracts over. However with the increasing in golfers, there is also an increase in injuries related to golf. What are they?

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Effects on joints and skeleton integrity – Tennis

Every guy aspires to be like Roger Federer and every woman aspires to be like Serena Williams. Who are those people you may ask Well, they are the world number one for tennis respectively for their gender. Tennis is a popular sport that is extremely high impact and high intensity, and there are numerous start stop throughout the game, making it an excellent sport not only to lose body fats but also to strengthen and work out the entire body. Every part of your body is involved in this sport. You need your leg muscles to run about and jump when you serve, receive and smash. You need your arm and shoulder muscles to serve and return the ball.

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When to seek an Orthopaedic?

People often associate karang-guni men with old, dirty, unwanted stuffs. Same goes for orthopaedic surgeons, people associate them with fractures and ligaments. It is not just about fractures and ligaments. They do more than that and they are the experts when it comes to our musculoskeletal system which consists of all the bones and muscles in our body. As long as you suffer from any injury to your bones and muscles, you need to seek help from an orthopaedic doctor. 

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Food and Nutrition for Joints

Joint problems are getting more and more common as we age. After years of continuous cyclic loading on our joints, “wear and tear” occurs. Pain in the joints are often caused by inflammation and the pain can be suppressed with the aid of pain relief medication and physical therapy. What many people don’t know is that the food we consume can only help improve the condition of our joints. Making small changes in the diet we consume on a daily basis can allow us to lead a better quality of life.

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Back Strengthening Exercises

Are you currently suffering from back pain? Regular exercises can help to relieve back pain, strengthen your back muscles and even lower the chances of you suffering from an injury! Many people in the world suffers from back pain and many uses pain relief medication to keep the pain in a tolerable level. What many people do not know is that by engaging in regular back strengthening exercises, they can not only relief the pain in a drug free condition but also prevent them from reoccurring! Below are some simple yet wonderful back strengthening exercises that can be done by people of all ages.

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Importance of wearing protective equipment for sports

With the increase in number of people engaging in sporting activities, the number of injuries has surged. Constant exercise is beneficial for health and although there are always risks involved, the benefits far outweigh them. Through usage of protective equipments when engaging in sporting activities can help reduce injuries and make the sports much safer. However, it is important to use the correct protective equipment meant for the particular sporting activity. Using a pair of soccer boots help to protect the ankle from ankle injuries as the studs help to provide a firm grip. However, using the same pair of boots for running will cause serious injuries.

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4 contact sports that you may suffer from a sports injury

Despite all the safety measures taken to prevent injuries during sports, it is difficult to avoid it. There is no truly safe sport out there but some sports do pose a higher risk of injury. There is a group of sports called contact sports and these are at a higher risk of injuries. Examples of contact sports include rugby, wrestling, soccer, American football, ice hockey and boxing. These contact sports not only expose the cervical spine to injury, they are also easy targets for head traumas, neck pain, headache and insomnia.

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Physiotherapy VS Orthopaedic Surgery

Whenever someone suffers an injury to his musculoskeletal system such as muscle strains, sprains, ligament tears, broken bones or dislocations, he will have to make some difficult decisions on whether to go for physiotherapy or undergo orthopaedic surgery. For example in the case of an Anterior Cruciate tear, the patient will need to ask himself whether he still intends to continue with the sports in future or he will stop playing it forever. Often if he decides not to continue with the sports in future, he will not need to undergo surgery and physiotherapy is sufficient. If he still wishes to get back to his sporting lifestyle, an orthopaedic surgery is definitely required. Most surgeon will recommend patients to go for the fastest option available – surgery. They believe that a quick response will prevent any possible long term complications such as osteoarthritis or damages to the meniscus. Some however will recommend physiotherapy to allow patients to be able to stand on their own and strengthen the surrounding muscles.

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6 common injuries among National Servicemen

National service is compulsory for all males in Singapore and everyone will need to undergo a medical examination prior to enlistment. Although most medical conditions can be picked up during the examination, there are some which are not obvious. Military training is tough and requires a lot of physical strength. As such, injuries are a common thing suffered by many, especially for those who have had existing or past injuries.

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6 warm up exercises that you should do before gym

Warm up exercises helps to prepare the muscles for any intense and rigorous activities that is about to happen. They are extremely important prior to any workout and they will help to raise the temperature of the body, loosening muscles and increase flow of blood throughout the body. Even if the activity that is about to happen is not very intense, warm up exercises should still not to be neglected. Below are some fantastic warm up exercises that you should follow in order.

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7 exercises to avoid after an orthopaedic surgery

After orthopaedic surgery, your body will be uncomfortable and you will not feel like moving. It takes time for the body to adapt and any prolonged movements can possibly hinder the healing process and cause even more discomfort and pain. Do not let that eagerness disrupt your proper healing process and give your body ample time to recover and sooner or later, you’ll be back in action again. Around a week after surgery, you can start to perform some light exercises like evening walks and light stretching. Keep everything within comfort level and do not push your body too much. There are some exercises that you will have to avoid after orthopaedic surgery though.

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7 symptoms of slipped disc that you should be aware of

Slipped disc or herniated disc happens when a part of the disc in the spine ruptures and the gel in it leaks out. This will place stress and pressure on the surrounding nerves and cause pain and discomfort in the patient. Many patients have slipped discs without them even realising it. Depending on the location of the slipped disc, the pain and discomfort will vary. Here are some of the symptoms of slipped disc that you should know.

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Consequences of having a poor sitting posture

Good posture is essential for overall well-bring. Prolonged sitting with poor posture will lead to negative effects such as back pain, muscle strain and improper alignment. Prolong sitting will cause the body to get into a slouchy postion which seems to be more comfortable, but there are consequences in the long run. Being in a poor sitting posture for a long period of time will increase pressure on the intervertebral discs, increasing the chances of suffering a back injury.

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6 ways to avoid getting injured during exercise

If you are someone that is just starting to exercise with the intention to stay healthy and fit, you can be very prone to injuries. Injuries are probably the fastest method to destroy your exercise regime and make all your effort go to waste. Observe some of the tips below to make sure you protect yourself from unnecessary risk and avoid sports injuries.

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Common misconceptions about hip replacement surgery

With an ever increasing active lifestyle, we are no longer willing to accept painkillers as part of our lives. We want a permanent solution to any issues we are facing. With an advancement in medical and materials technology, hip replacement surgery can be a permanent thing already. With ceramic bearings gradually replacing metal bearings in the hip replacement components, the wear and tear rates are lesser. However, there are many hip replacement misconceptions out there about hip replacement surgery that should be clarified.

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How prolonged sitting or standing may damage your back

Prolonged sitting and standing is a risk factor in development of back pain. A lack of motion will create stretching in the spinal ligaments and this will hinder fluid flow into the spinal discs, causing insufficient nutrition of the vertebral discs. In fact, prolonged sitting and standing will induce more stress to our spinal discs, ligaments and muscles as compared to other activities.

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5 gym exercises that may hurt your spine

Regular exercise is good for our body and it lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Many people thus have the impression that all kinds of exercise are good and safe. Due to time constraints, many of us choose to work out in a gym. However, not all of the exercise machines in a gym are safe. Some gym exercises are a complete waste of time while some may hurt your spine if they are not properly done or if you have existing problems.

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4 sleeping positions and how it affects your health

We spend a third of our lives sleeping and quality sleeping is beneficial to our well-being. 95% of us sleep in the same position every single night and the sleeping position can impact our health both positively and negatively. It is thus very important to adopt the correct and best sleeping position for better health.

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Dr. Kevin Yip on Minimising The Risk of Osteoporosis

A recent contribution by Dr. Kevin Yip for an article written by the team at Great Eastern’s health portal.

The Bare Bones of Health

When your mother nagged you to eat your broccoli, she was right in more ways than she knew. Besides its cancer-fighting properties, the cruciferous vegetable helps the body store calcium in the bones to make them denser.

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Food that you should avoid after orthopaedic surgery

Orthopaedic surgery requires lengthy periods of recovery and there is a specific diet to follow during the recovery period. A proper diet will allow faster healing, reduce and relieve pain. There are certain foods that you should avoid after orthopaedic surgery as they not only have no nutrients, they may also cause your body to have bad reactions.

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How working in an office may affect your spine

Sitting down at our desk in the office the whole day puts a lot of pressure on our back and spine. It is even worse than standing for long hours. Simple changes need to be done at our office to ensure we do not put unnecessary strain on our back which will cause problems to our spine and give us back problems.

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7 ways to protect your spine from injury

Our spine consists of three parts namely the cervical spine, thoracic spine and the lumbar spine. These different parts bear the grunt of our weight and are totally defenceless to injuries and strains. However, there are ways to protect our spine by taking note of the following.

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Common sports injuries among youth

We should aim to exercise 150 minutes a week or 30 minutes, 5 times a week to keep fit and healthy. However, injuries are bound to happen no matter how much u try to avoid it. Prevention is better than cure and athletes are much more educated nowadays and they know the risk involved in their chosen sports activity. There are many common injuries associated with sports involving youths nowadays.

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6 common causes of spine injury

One of the most common causes for spinal injuries are accidents.  Many people who have had experienced serious accidents often have their spines injured. Injuries to the spine can possible cause paralysis and even death if they are left untreated.  In a spinal injury, there are damages to the ligaments, vertebrae as well as the disc in the spine itself. There are two types of spinal injury – traumatic and nontraumatic. Traumatic spinal injury occurs when there is a sudden large impact to the spinal cord which will result in fracture, dislocation and even compression of the spinal cord. A nontraumatic one occurs due to medical conditions such as cancer, infection, arthritis and disc degeneration.

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5 side effects of hip replacement surgery

Hip replacement surgery is performed to replace a hip joint that is damaged and degraded, and is unable to perform to its intended purpose. An artificial material such as metal or ceramic is used in its place and this will relieve pain and allow patients to regain their range of motion and thus makes them able to perform things that they previously could not. Although the end results are impressive, there are side

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4 exercises to relieve a slipped disc

Herniated disc or slipped disc occurs when a disc in the spin between the vertebrae ruptures and compresses against one of the spinal nerves, causing pain, tingling sensation and numbness. There are many methods to treat slipped discwith anti-inflammatory medication and physical therapy the most common ones. Exercises are also an excellent and effective method to help relieve pain. While exercises can help, it can also possibly aggravate the condition if it is overdone.

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Food that you should eat after orthopaedic surgery

Sometimes, we have to undergo orthopaedic surgery to repair damages to our body. Damages are often torn ligaments, fractured bones or tendon repairs. Orthopaedic surgery places immense stress on the body and during the repair period, the body’s metabolism rate is extremely high and eating the right foods after surgery is very important and can help speed up the recovery process. Recovery is not simply about getting plenty of rest and ensuring proper wound care. A well-balanced and healthy diet filled with nutrients is essential and can not only help to boost the immune system, but also regain body strength.

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Top 5 questions regarding spine injury

Injury to the spinal cord are very serious can could be even be deadly. If someone you know has had a spinal cord injury, medical attention should be sought immediately. Spinal cord injuries cause problems and can be temporary or even permanent. Here are some of the most common questions asked regarding spinal cord injuries.

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Risk & Side Effects of Hip Replacement

Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure which replaces a damaged hip joint with an artificial one made up of either metal or ceramic. The artificial joint is implanted into the healthy parts of the bone and it relieves pain, regain range of motion and get back to their usual daily activities without any limitations. As with all surgery, there are risks and side effects associated.

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3 things not to do after your knee orthopaedic surgery

Knee surgery can help to relieve pain and allow you to get back to your previous active lifestyle. You can now engage in activities that you previously could not and lead a more fulfilling life. However, there are things that you should not do after knee orthopedic surgery.

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Which spine injury symptoms are not normal?

Our ability to still control our limbs after injury to the spinal cord depends largely on 2 factors: the location of the injury and how serious it was. Depending on the location of the injury, it can be a partial or complete spinal cord injury. Patients who have had an injury above the first thoracic vertebra will suffer paralysis of all four limbs. Patients whose injury is below the first thoracic spinal nerve will have full control of their upper limbs but suffer paralysis from the abdomen down.

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Top 3 things to do before your orthopaedic surgery

Orthopedic surgery involves the musculoskeletal system and involves the replacement of areas such as knee joints, hips, spinal cord and hand. Orthopedic surgery is able to help patients relieve pain and allow them to have better mobility. Orthopedic surgeries are normally major surgeries so patients should be prepared for it. Several weeks of both mental and physical preparation should be done before surgery so that a smooth and speedy recovery can be achieved.

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5 exercises after a spine surgery

Spinal surgery is a major surgery and post rehabilitation is extremely important in getting patients back to full health quickly. The ability to return back to post surgery status depends not only on how successful the surgery is but also the rehabilitative program that the doctor has set.

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Top 6 traits of a good orthopaedic surgeon

There are many orthopedic surgeons today and they are specialized in treatment of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons need to possess a certain set of traits that sets them apart from other surgeon. They need to know every single aspect of the musculoskeletal system and they will need to perform surgeries to repair any injuries or damages as well as improve any functions. They need to have good physical strength, mental strength and flexibility.

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Choosing the right orthopedic surgeon for your treatment

Choosing the right orthopedic surgeon to perform surgery for you or your loved ones is never an easy task. Orthopedic conditions may worsen if an inexperienced surgeon is engaged. A skilled and experienced surgeon is of utmost importance. If you have a musculoskeletal system injury, you have to engage their assistance. What the surgeon does will have a direct impact on your health, now and in the future.

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Best methods for faster hip replacement recovery

Hip replacement surgery is a major surgery and recovery depends a lot on others for support and care throughout the recovery period. It will take at least 2 months to recover and patients can expect to resume their daily activities after that. A stay in period of between 3 to 4 days is required after surgery but this varies with different patients. Pain relief medication will be prescribed to make you feel as comfortable as possible. Recovery will begin immediately after surgery.

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Top 30 questions regarding hip replacement surgery

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure where the diseased portions of the hip joint are replaced with artificial ones called prosthesis. Hip replacement allows increased mobility for the patient, allowing him to return to almost his pre-injury levels and relieve pain. Hip replacement is a major surgery and making the choice to carry out the surgery requires a lot of considerations. Many questions will be asked and need to be answered by the surgeon.

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Top 4 signs that you need orthopaedic treatment for your injury

Many of us experience pain daily in our lives such as pain in our joints and back. We often simply accept it as part of aging and simply take painkillers or stop doing activities which we love. While it is a fact, we should not accept it without any professional medical help. Orthopaedic surgeons treat conditions relating to our musculoskeletal system which covers the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Depending on the severity of the injury, either surgical or non surgical means can be administered. Many people do not realise that they require the expertise of an orthopaedic surgeon and they are often referred to one by their general practitioner.

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Top 9 symptoms of Spine Injury

The spinal cord is the most important structure in our body. It contains all the nerves that carry messages from our brain to the body and vice versa. The spinal cord passes through the back of our body from the neck down. Spinal cord injuries are extremely serious injuries that cause permanent loss of movement at the site of the injury.

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4 best tips for hip replacement rehabilitation

Hip replacement is a major surgery and recovery time can take from anytime between a couple of months to a year. As with all major surgeries, proper post operative care must be done afterwards. Rehabilitation is a team effort consisting of yourself as well as the medical team and a proper one will bring you back on the road to perfect health. Life after your hip replacement surgery will definitely change in one way or another. There will be activities that you will not be able to carry out in future and will limit you somehow, but it will not restrict you from leading a proper life.

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4 tips to care for your slipped disc injury

Care for a slipped disc injury is often simple. A short period of pure rest and medication is usually sufficient. For slightly more serious cases, physical therapy may be required. About 5% of the patients will not recover and will thus require further treatment such as injections or even surgery. For the 95% who recover, they are often able to return to pre-injury levels.

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Types of Meniscal Repair for Tears & Injuries

The meniscus is a very important structure. It distributes our weight evenly across the knee joint and without it; the weight would be uneven and will lead to arthritis of our knee joint. Injuries to the meniscus are especially common in young patients who are athletically active below the age of 25 years, especially those who are involved in high pivoting sports such as soccer and basketball.

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Risk & Side Effects of Epidural Injections

Epidural injections are administered to patients suffering from back inflammation and/or pain. The medicine is delivered directly into the epidural space, the area surrounding the spinal cord and nerves. Epidural injections contain corticosteroid in them. Corticosteroid mimics the hormone cortisone and hydrocortisone, which reduces inflammation of the affected nerves, relieving pain albeit temporary. As with all medicine, it carries certain risks with it and although rare, is still a possibility.

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Bankart Tear Treatment For Shoulder Dislocation

A severe injury is usually cited as the cause of a shoulder dislocation. When the humerus head dislocates from the glenoid, the glenohumeral ligaments which helps to hold the shoulder in its proper position at the front of the shoulder are injured. As such, a Bankart tear or lesion will occur. This will cause the shoulder to be prone to repeated dislocated in the future.

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Discectomy Surgery Recovery for Fenestration Spine

When the spinal disc protrudes out or herniates, a lot of pressure is placed on the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in severe pain, numbness or even paralysis. Fenestration and discectomy surgery for the spine is a minimally invasive surgery done by cutting a hole in the vertebral bone known as the lamina. Through this method, the disc can be removed without causing any instability to the spine.

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Symptoms of Rotator Cuff Repair Injury

rotator cuff tear is a common injury suffered by many and it causes pain and disability among adults. It will not only weaken your shoulder but will also hinder your day to day activities, such as wearing your clothes, brushing your teeth and combing your hair. The rotator cuff is a group of tendons that are joined together, surrounding the front, back and top of your shoulder joint connected to each other. When one or more muscles are torn, the tendons are detached from the humerus and they start to fray. As time passes, the tendon can entirely tear either on its own or during activities that exert huge load on the shoulders.

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3 Types of Anterior Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability is a condition when the ball of the shoulder is dislocated from the socket, causing problems for people. The shoulder anatomy can be explained by using a ball and socket model. The ball is able to move about in the socket, providing nearly full range of motion for the shoulder. However, this model can cause instability when the ball slips out of the socket when injured. Anterior instability is caused by the ball slipping out from the front of the socket. Anterior instability is usually caused by trauma, with a sudden impact on the shoulder either directly or indirectly.

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Dealing With Slipped Disc – Treatment & Surgery

Situated between the vertebrae of our spines are protective, shock absorbing cushions called discs. The disc makes the spine strong and stable and gives the spine the ability to take stress. However when a s disc splits or ruptures and bulges out of its original position, it causes tremendous pain and discomfort to the patient. This is known as slipped disc.

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Symptoms of Rotator Cuff Repair Injury

rotator cuff tear is a common injury suffered by many and it causes pain and disability among adults. It will not only weaken your shoulder but will also hinder your day to day activities, such as wearing your clothes, brushing your teeth and combing your hair. The rotator cuff is a group of tendons that are joined together, surrounding the front, back and top of your shoulder joint connected to each other. When one or more muscles are torn, the tendons are detached from the humerus and they start to fray. As time passes, the tendon can entirely tear either on its own or during activities that exert huge load on the shoulders.

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The Recovery Process After Rotator Cuff Surgery

Shoulder pain is a common problem experienced by many people, with a tear in the rotator cuff the most common reason for it. They are extremely painful and restrict your movement greatly. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons which comprises of four muscles and they hold your arm in a ball and socket joint, which allows your shoulder to rotate around and move with ease. The tendons can be torn through injuries. Rotator cuff surgery is the most commonly done procedures around the world, with over 250000 done in the United States of America annually.

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Top 9 Epidural Side Effects for Back Pain Treatment

Epidural steroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of back pain. It injects a powerful anti-inflammatory with a local anesthetic pain relief medicine directly around the spinal nerves, providing immediate pain relief. However, even the best drugs in the world are not without the dreadful side effects. Side effects from epidural steroid injectionsare rare but not uncommon. No more than 3 doses of treatment should be given within a 12 months period with each treatment spaced at least 2 months apart from each other.

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Top 6 Synvisc Injections Side Effects for Knee Pain

Side effects are the undesired effects of a particular medicine and they can be caused by all types of medication including supplements, herbal remedies, and prescription as well as over the counter medicine. They cannot be avoided but can the risk can be lowered with necessary precautions.

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6 Effective Plantar Fasciitis Exercises For Heel Pain

Heel pain or most commonly known as Plantar Fasciitis is a very common foot problem all around the world and many people suffer from it. Luckily, it can be treated with some really simple and inexpensive methods.

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Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms for Joint Arthritis Condition

Psoriatic arthritis causes pain in the joints, stiffness and swelling in people suffering from psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition which causes the skin to be covered in patches of thick red inflamed silvery scales. It affects both sexes equally and most sufferers develop psoriatic arthritis followed by the arthritis symptoms.

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Types of Olecranon Bursitis Treatment for Elbow Pain

Elbow pain is something that is very common nowadays and can happen to many people especially those who participates in activities that requires the repetitive usage of the elbow, which in turn places extreme pressure on the structures of the elbow joint.

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How to determine if an ankle is broken or just sprained?

Question

How to determine if an ankle is broken or just sprained?

Answer

The foot and ankle are complex parts of the body. Sometimes it is impossible to tell what the injury is without an X-rayor other tests, such as a bone scan or MRI (magnetic resonance image). Computed tomography (CT scan) is also helpful for seeing if there is serious damage to a bone. If there is pain, swelling, tenderness to touch, redness, decreased motion, and inability to put weight on the foot, then a visit to the doctor is necessary.

When in doubt, you can use the RICE advice. These four letters stand for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.

  • Rest the sore ankle so it can begin healing.
  • Ice the ankle for 20 minutes every three to four hours.
  • Compress the joint with an elastic wrap or splint.
  • Elevate the sore and swollen limb for 24 hours.

If after 24 hours the symptoms are much improved and it is possible to put full weight on the ankle, a fracture is unlikely. If there is little or no change in how the ankle looks and feels, see your doctor.

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4 Types of Shoulder Tendonitis Treatment for Shoulder Pain

Our shoulder is a very complex joint that is used in almost every action. As a result, one of the most common problems is shoulder tendonitis. The joints are stabilitsed by a group of muscles called the rotator cuffs and when it gets inflamed, it gets further irritated by the many structures around it.

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Could Knee Injury Cause Knee Arthritis?

Question:

I twisted and sprained my knee badly back in high school. I read once that having a bad knee injury can cause knee arthritis later in life. If so, I’m wondering if there is anything I can do now so I don’t end up with knee arthritis.

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Top 3 Lumbar Spine Exercises for Back Pain

The lumbar spine, also commonly known as the “lower back” is one of the easiest places to be injured if the muscles there are weak. There are 3 main back pain exercises tailored for this particular region namely the stabilization, concentric and stretching exercises.

Stabilization exercises

Exercise ball bridges
Exercise ball bridges are an advanced form of stabilization exercises that introduces unpredictable movements that the body must respond to produced by the movements of the exercise ball. It strengthens the erector spine muscles that run along the lumbar spine which works together with the rest of the core muscles to stabilize the spine and trunk during movements. Lie on your back with both feet on the ball and knees bent, contract your abs and tighten the buttock muscles in order to lift off your hips two to three inches off the floor. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat 8 to 10 reps.

Concentric exercises

Back extension
The back extension is an excellent concentric exercise to strengthen the lumbar spine. In this exercise, the lumbar spine remains at a neutral position throughout while the spine arches into an extension. As a result, it strengthens the erector spine, contracting it resulting in a shortening of length which is thus termed “concentric”. Find a flat comfortable surface which provides enough clearance and allows you to anchor your feet, preferably a sit up bench. Lying face down, clasp both hands behind your neck and bend waist up and down in a slow and steady movement. Hold at each position for 30 seconds and repeat 8 to 10 reps.

Stretching exercises

Pelvic tilt
Stretching exercises when done correctly allows a gentle stretching for the back muscles to support the spine and bring relief to backache. Pelvic tilt comprises of very delicate movements that strengthens the muscles around the lower back. They are recommended for developing support to the lower back and abdominal areas. Lie on the floor with the knees facing up, take deep breaths and as you exhale, your abdomen will contract and thus pulling it towards the floor. This movement will result in light stretching of your lower back muscles.

Although lumbar stretch exercise may help relieve pain, it is often only temporary and the only solution is to eliminate the factors that causes them in order to obtain long term relief.

Therefore we hope that our suggested exercises will be good for your back pain that you have.

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Tennis Elbow Exercise

Tennis elbow exercises are useful to smoothen the pain inflicted by tennis elbow injury. This exercise for tennis elbow is to eliminate the root of weak muscles problem in the forearm.This workout can also act as a good follow-up healing exercise for individuals who have undergone a tennis elbow surgery. Never belittle the benefits of these workouts as it can greatly help in preventing tennis elbow problem from arising.

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Top 8 Whiplash Symptoms and Treatment

Whiplash is an injury to the neck which is often cause by an unexpected increase in acceleration or deceleration force. This injury does damages to both the soft tissues and the bone structures of the neck.

Some doctor will refer a much more severe injury of whiplash as “whiplash associated disorders”. Most commonly, this injury occurs when someone met with an accident.

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The Symptom and Stages of Frozen Shoulders

Adhesive capsulitis, a medical term for frozen shoulders disorder. If you are encountering pain that varies according to the changes in weather and temperature, there is a possibility that you might catch up with the one of the most common neurological disorder – adhesive capsulitis.

The exact cause for frozen shoulders is still unknown. However some believe that injury or some form of trauma can possibly result to cases of frozen shoulders. Such condition can be frustrating to patients as frozen shoulders can last from 5 months to 3 years, or even longer if its not medically treated.

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4 Treatments to Remove Plantar Warts for Ankle Pain

Most of the time, plantar warts can be painful. Usually for cases of warts, it may be able to recover on its own after a couple of years later. However, medical treatments are mostly needed if it is extremely painful.

Most of the treatments are usually applicable to only larger plantar warts compared to the smaller ones and such treatments require the doctor to monitor the process and the quality of the wounds.

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Top 5 Sciatica Causes for Back Pain

One of the most common complaints among the most back pain conditions could be sciatica.

On a positive note, back pain problems could be treated once you understand the type of back pain you are currently suffering.  However, back pain problems can be the most difficult and challenging cases to be tackled and handled by doctors and patients.

Here are the 5 causes of sciatica for back pain:

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Top 5 Home Remedies for Ankle Pain

Suffering from ankle pain?

Sometimes ankle pain may occur due to sprains that took place unknowingly. Ligaments that are attached to the ankle either tear partially, or fully rupture. The overall pain experienced depends on the severity of the injury, yet home remedies can reduce the amount of pain and discomfort you feel.

Here are 5 home remedies for you to reduce pain and discomfort on your ankle:

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Top 3 Exercises for Knee Joint Pain

There are 2 types of knee pain causes that are mainly acute knee pain and chronic knee pain. Generally acute knee pain is caused by an accident or a fall and the pain will only be present for a short time. It occurred mostly in sports activities and the treatment for such knee pains is to undergo a surgery so as to be fully treated.

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3 Types of Back Pain

Before seeking for medical treatment on your back pain issues, it is good to understand and define the types of back pain you are experiencing so as to find the right treatment or ways to control your condition.

Here are the types of back pain that has been separated into 3 catergories:

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Top 4 Hip Pain Exercises

Experiencing sharp pain in your hips lately?

Here are 5 pain relief exercises catered for individuals that are facing hip pain issues:

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Top 11 Knee Pain Exercises for Pain Relief

Knee pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal complaint that brings people to their doctor. With today’s increasingly active society, the number of knee problems is increasing. Considering that when you simply walk up stairs, the pressure across your knee joints is four times your body weight, it isn’t surprising.

Exercising frequently can help to strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee joints. These workouts can help to strengthen your knee and less susceptible to injury. Here are 11 exercises to strengthen your knee joints:

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4 Benefits & Risks for Back Pain Surgery

Back pain is certainly one of the most terrible injuries you can have. Research shows that back pain is the most frequent cause of activity limitation in people younger than 45 years old. There are many different causes why one gets back pain. Some of the pain might be an acute while the others are long-term pain.

Treatment of long-term back pains ranges from simple exercises at home to surgery by specialize orthopedics. Surgeries can be quite complicated and it should only be done when there is unbearable pain that causes instability in movement, or nerve problems that causes inability to control the bladder.  However, back surgery does have its benefits too.

Firstly, back surgery will decrease the time needed for recovery. The normal recovery time for the common procedures have been shortened due to advancement in technology. The speed in which for your recovery is dependent on numerous factors such as your age, your illness condition and your physical health. The average time for recovery after a surgery is approximately eight to eleven weeks.

Secondly, back surgery will improve your lifestyle after the operation. The improvement in your lifestyle is certainly another key benefit in which one would decide if they should opt in for surgery. During a back fracture, it is necessary for one to go through a back surgery so that the fractured bones can be healed.

Besides the benefits of performing a back surgery, there are certain risks involved in going through the surgery. These risks should be carefully thought of and discussed with your doctor should you proceed on with the surgery.

The first risk is that, there is a possibility that your injury will become worse after the surgery.  Sometimes surgery might cause deformity to the areas that was operated.  There might also be the possibility where by your pain may gets worsened or the loss of use of a limb.

The second risk occurs when the surgery does not work on you. This is because some types of back pain cannot be healed through operation. So it is pointless if you undergo a surgery to cure a back pain that does not heal it.

It is essential that you would consult your doctor first before making a choice to go for a back surgery. Even though there are benefits to perform operation on your back due to the excruciating pain, but it is advisable to consult a doctor first before making any decisions.

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Top 5 Sports Injury Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore

There are many reasons why athletics get injured while doing their sports activity and One of the most common reasons is neglecting the importance of warm ups, as well as stretching. However there are some injuries that do not happen instantly and such injuries will only get worse when you start to ignore the symptoms that build up from it.

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7 Home Remedies for Joint Pain Relief At Home

Living with chronic joint pain?

Many times in life, body pains as such may inevitably affect our living lifestyle and even cause inconvenience to our lives, as moving of joints is almost indispensable.

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Top 3 Simple & Safe Back Pain Exercises At Home

There are many reasons why people are suffering from back pain problems today. One of the most common contributing factors to back pain problems is the effect of muscles strain that happens when there is an unexpected twist or force being exerted to your back. Besides that, a pull to one or several muscles in the back may also result to a tear in the muscle which will further worsen the condition.

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Top 7 Tips for Back Pain Relief

One of the most common body pain problems we are facing lately is back pain. If you are having consistent backache issues that are intolerable at times, I believe you had caught up with the second most common neurological disorder – Back pain.

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The wonder kids I

The children in the Yip family seem to have patented scoring As in O-level examinations a little ahead of time.

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